Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
(Drury, 1773) (1)
Phalaena epione Drury, 1773
Fabricius, 1775 (597
Phylogenetic sequence #930764
Explanation of Names
was a mythological Greek healer, wife of Aesclepius, mother of Hygeia, Panacea, Machaon and several others.
110 species in the genus for North America north of Mexico. (4)
Hindwings sooty black with sharp white fringes. On forewings, the outer (reniform) spot is smudged and inconspicuous, the inner (subreniform) spot elongated and teardrop-shaped with the sharp end pointed posteriorly.
Maine and southern Ontario south to Florida, west to Minnesota, Kansas, and Texas.
Type locality: New York.
Flies June through September
Adults can be attracted to bait. Larvae feed on hickory foliage, esp. Shagbark.
Eggs laid on tree bark. Pupates under leaf litter.
Fairly active; reportedly will fly to the ground when disturbed.
Barnes, Wm. & J.H. McDunnough, 1918. Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. Memoirs of the AMNH
, f.16; Pl.13
, f.3 (larva) (3)
Drury, D., 1773. Illustrations of natural history
Lafontaine J.D., and B.C. Schmidt, 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America North of Mexico. p.30.(5)