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Family Apatelodidae - American Silkworm Moths

Moth at Lights - Apatelodes torrefacta Spotted Apatelodes - Apatelodes torrefacta Angel Moth - Olceclostera angelica Mothra ??? - Apatelodes torrefacta The Angel - Olceclostera angelica Apatelodes sp. ? - Apatelodes auduboni The Angel? - Olceclostera angelica Apatelodes torrefacta
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Bombycoidea (Silkworm, Sphinx, and Royal Moths)
Family Apatelodidae (American Silkworm Moths)
Explanation of Names
From the type genus Bombyx, Greek meaning "silkworm." (1)
Apate was a Greek goddess of deceit. She was a daughter (by parthenogenesis!) of Nyx, Night, who was daughter of Chaos. Lodes is Greek (?) for veins, as in lodes of ore. So these are "deceitfully veined" moths? (Based on Internet searches, it makes sense, but this is somewhat speculative.)
Numbers
5 species in 2 genera in North America
2 species in Canada (CBIF)
Size
wingspan 32-45 mm
Remarks
Previously treated as a subfamily of Bombycidae by Lemaire and Minet in 1999. This classification was followed by Moths of Canada and Charles Covell on page xiii of the 2005 edition of A Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2). Zwick (2008) reinstated Apatelodidae as a valid family.
Print References
Franclemont, J.G. 1973. The Moths of America North of Mexico. Fascicle 20.1. Mimallonoidea (Mimallonidae) and Bombycoidea (Apatelodidae, Bombycidae,..(3)
Kitching et al. 2018. A global checklist of the Bombycoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Biodiversity Data Journal, 6: e22236. (4)
Lemaire, C. & J. Minet 1999. The Bombycoidea and their relatives. Pages 321-353 in: Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies. 1. Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbook of Zoology. Vol. IV, Part 35. N. P. Kristensen, ed. De Gruyter, Berlin and New York.
Zwick, A. (2008), Molecular phylogeny of Anthelidae and other bombycoid taxa (Lepidoptera: Bombycoidea). Systematic Entomology, 33: 190-209. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2007.00410.x
Internet References
pinned adult images of three species occurring in Canada (CBIF)
Works Cited
1.An accentuated list of the British Lepidoptera, with hints on the derivation of the names.
Anonymous. 1858. The Entomological Societies of Oxford and Cambridge.
2.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.
3.The Moths of America North of Mexico. Fascicle 20.1. Mimallonoidea (Mimallonidae) and Bombycoidea.....
J. G. Franclemont. 1973. E.W. Classey Ltd. & R.B.D. Publications Inc.
4.A global checklist of the Bombycoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera)
Kitching, I., R. Rougerie, A. Zwick, C. Hamilton, R. St Laurent, S. Naumann, L. Ballesteros Mejia, A. Kawahara. 2018. Biodiversity Data Journal, 6: e22236.