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Species Nebria brevicollis - European Gazelle Beetle

Portland Bioblitz 2012 PDX18 - Nebria brevicollis Black Beetle - Nebria brevicollis - female Garden Beetle - Nebria brevicollis Dorsal habitus of Nebria brevicollis - Nebria brevicollis Possible Nebria brevicollis in King County Wa. - Nebria brevicollis Possible Nebria brevicollis in King County Wa. - Nebria brevicollis Possible Nebria brevicollis in King County Wa. - Nebria brevicollis Gazelle Beetle - Nebria brevicollis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Adephaga (Ground and Water Beetles)
Family Carabidae (Ground Beetles)
Subfamily Nebriinae
Tribe Nebriini
Genus Nebria (Gazelle Beetles)
No Taxon (subgenus Nebria)
Species brevicollis (European Gazelle Beetle)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Nebria brevicollis (Fabricius 1792)
Size
10-14 mm (LaBonte 2011)
Identification

Det. J.R. LaBonte, 2011
Range
adventive and established in se Canada (PQ(1)(2)), the Pacific Northwest - Map (LaBonte 2011)(3), and most recently in and around College Station, Texas (V. Belov, pers. observ. 2017), Native to Europe
Habitat
habitat generalist, in the Pacific Northwest uses a very wide range of habitats, from highly degraded heavy industrial sites, agricultural fields, parks, etc., to mature conifer forests and otherwise pristine stands of old growth noble fir, from sea level to ~4,100 ft (LaBonte 2011)
Food
Penney (1966) noted that most of the prey taken by Nebria brevicollis were less than 4 mm in length.
Remarks
invasive species (not restricted to anthropogenic habitats) rapidly expanding its North American range; can be abundant in essentially pristine settings (LaBonte 2011)
At one site in the Oregon Coast Range, LaBonte (2011) reported finding "Nebria brevicollis to be extremely abundant throughout forest, meadow, and summit areas. In many situations, it was the most common carabid found. ... Turning rocks often revealed a dozen or more individual Nebria brevicollis."
sp. found to be established in western Oregon in 2008, with the earliest specimens extending only back to 2007 (Kavanaugh and LaBonte 2008)
Print References
Kavanaugh D.H, LaBonte J.R. (2008) Discovery of Nebria brevicollis (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Nebriini), a European ground beetle, established in the Willamette Valley, Oregon. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 59: 481-488.
LaBonte J.R. (2011) Nebria brevicollis (Fabricius, 1792) in North America, benign or malign? (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Nebriini). Zookeys 147: 497–543 (Full text)
Penney M.M. (1966) Studies of certain aspects of the ecology of Nebria brevicollis (F.) (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Journal of Animal Ecology 35: 505-512.
Penney M.M. (1969) Diapause and reproduction in Nebria brevicollis (F.) (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Journal of Animal Ecology 38: 219-233.
Williams G. (1959) Seasonal and diurnal activity of Carabidae, with particular reference to Nebria, Notiophilus, and Feronia. Journal of Animal Ecology 28: 309-330.
Works Cited
1.Bousquet Y., ed. (1991) Checklist of the beetles of Canada and Alaska
2.The ground-beetles (Carabidae, excl. Cicindelinae) of Canada and Alaska, parts 1—6
C.H. Lindroth. 1961. Opuscula Entomologica Supplementa XX, XXIV, XXIX, XXXIII, XXXIV, XXXV.
3.Discovery of Nebria brevicollis, a European ground beetle, established in Willamette Valley, Oregon
Kavanaugh, D.H., and LaBonte, J.R. 2008. Proceedings of the California Academy of sciences 59(9): 481-488.