Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Species Pseudococcus longispinus - Long-tailed Mealybug


Biologia Centrali-Americana: Insecta, Hemiptera, Heteroptera-Homoptera
By William Lucas Distant et al. (1880-1909)
Bernard Quaritch Limited, London, 1880
Direct link to all plates:

Insecta. Rhynchota. Hemiptera-Heteroptera. Volume I (1880-1893) by William Lucas Distant
Insecta. Rhynchota. Hemiptera-Heteroptera. Volume II (1897-1901) by George Charles Champion

Insecta. Rhynchota. Hemiptera-Homoptera. Volume I (1881-1905) by W. L. Distant and William Weekes Fowler
Insecta. Rhynchota. Hemiptera-Homoptera. Volume II, Part 1 (1894-1909) by W. W. Fowler and T. D. A. Cockerell
Insecta. Rhynchota. Hemiptera-Homoptera. Volume II , Part 2 (1899) by Theodore Dru Alison

The systematics of the Hemiptera
By Forero D.
Revista Colombiana de Entomología 34: 1-21, 2008
Full text
summarizes current advances and understanding of relationships between major lineages, and provides a list of identification aids available online and otherwise

Catalogue of the Hemiptera of American north of Mexico: Except Aphididae, Coccidae and Aleurodidae. Vol. 2.
By Van Duzee, E.P.
University of California Press, Berkeley. xiv + 902 pp., 1917
Full Text

Good source for distribution and literature info.

Includes "Homoptera" too

Van Duzee, E.P. 1917. Catalogue of the Hemiptera of American north of Mexico: excepting the Aphididae, Coccidae and Aleurodidae. Vol. 2. University of California Press, Berkeley. i-xiv + 902 pp.

The Leafhoppers and Planthoppers
By L. R. Nault, J. G. Rodriguez
Wiley-Interscience, 1985

Noteworthy records of orthopteroid and hemipteroid insects from southwestrn Saskatchewan and southeastern Alberta
By Larson D.J.
Ent. Soc. Sask. 33(2): 10-14, 2014
Full text

i thank Geoff Scudder for directing me towards this publication

Principles of Insect Morphology
By R. E. Snodgrass
McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1935
A classic reference work by one of the titans of the subject.

Can be read online at: https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.50045/page/n3

Phylogenomics and the evolution of hemipteroid insects
By Johnson K.P. et al.
PNAS, 2018

The insect microcosm of Western Juniper berries
By L. A. Dimitri, K. C. Tonkel, W. S. Longland, and B. G. Rector
Rangelands 36(3):8-11, 2014