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Species Synanthedon castaneae - Chestnut Borer - Hodges#2577

Chestnut Borer - Synanthedon castaneae - male Chestnut Borer - Synanthedon castaneae - male
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Sesioidea (Clearwing Moths)
Family Sesiidae (Clearwing Moths)
Subfamily Sesiinae
Tribe Synanthedonini
Genus Synanthedon
Species castaneae (Chestnut Borer - Hodges#2577)
Hodges Number
2577
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Synanthedon castaneae (Busck, 1913)
Sesia castaneae Busck, 1913
* phylogenetic sequence #080550
Explanation of Names
Named for the genus of American chestnut (Castanea).
Size
Wingspan: ♂ 17-20, ♀ 22-28 mm. (1)
Forewing length 10-12 mm. (2)
Larva to 22 mm. (3)
Identification
Larva - body white with brown head and light brown thoracic shield and spriracles. (3)
Range
Closely mirrors the range of American chestnut thoughout the eastern third of the United States. (2), (3)
Food
Larvae bore in the trunks of American chestnut (Castanea dentata), prefering damaged trees. (1), (2), (3)
Life Cycle
See Solomon in Print References.
Remarks
Re-discovered in the 1980's in Connecticut using pheromone lures and has since been collected all along the east coast to Florida. This specimen was collected by G.P. Engelhardt of the U.S. National Museum. The specimen is one of 30 specimens found in the National Museum.
considered by VA to be a Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN) (4)
See Also
Synanthedon pictipes
Print References
Brown, L.N. 1986. First records of three Clearwing Moths (Synanthedon tabaniformis, Synanthedon proxima and Synanthedon castaneae) in Florida. Florida Scientist 49(2): 80-81
Brown, L.N. & R.F. Mizell, III 1993. The Clearwing Borers of Florida (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae). Tropical Lepidoptera 4(4): 1-21 (PDF) (2)
Engelhardt, G.P. 1946. The North American Clear-wing Moths of the family Aegeriidae. United States National Museum Bulletin 190: 95-96, pl.23, f.140-141 (1)
Solomon, J.D. 1995. Guide to insect borers in North American broadleaf trees and shrubs. USDA Forest Service Agriculture Handbook AH-706: 98-99 (download menu) (3)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.The North American Clear-wing Moths of the family Aegeriidae.
George P. Engelhardt. 1946. United States National Museum Bulletin 190: 1-222, pl.1-32.
2.The Clearwing Borers of Florida (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae).
Larry N. Brown & Russel F. Mizell, III. 1993. Tropical Lepidoptera 4(4): 1-21.
3.Guide to insect borers in North American broadleaf trees and shrubs
Solomon, J.D. 1995. USDA Forest Service Agriculture Handbook. 735 pp.
4.Virginia "Species of Greatest Conservation Need" (SGCN)