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Species Schrankia macula - Black-spotted Schrankia - Hodges#8431

Black-spotted Schrankia Moth - Hodges #8431 - Schrankia macula Schrankia macula Schrankia macula No. 209 Schrankia macula? - Schrankia macula Texas SE Gulf Coast - Schrankia macula Unknown moth - Schrankia macula unknown moth - Schrankia macula Schrankia macula
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Hypenodinae
Genus Schrankia
Species macula (Black-spotted Schrankia - Hodges#8431)
Hodges Number
8431
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Schrankia macula (Druce, 1891). Taxonomic notes:
formerly placed in family Noctuidae, and formerly listed under subfamily Hypenodinae, which was treated as a junior synonym of Strepsimaninae by Kitching and Rawlins (1999)
Phylogenetic sequence # 930668 (1)
Numbers
the only species in this genus in North America.(1)
Size
wingspan 13-18 mm
Identification
Adult: forewing dark brown or gray except yellowish beyond straight oblique PM line; AM line black, broken; reniform dot and dotted terminal line black; subterminal line wavy, inconspicuous; small pale patch at apex; hindwing light gray with indistinct median line; labial palps well separated, upturned
--adapted from description by Charles Covell (2)
Range
Moth Photographers Group - large range map with collection dates.
also occurs south to Central America
Food
larvae feed on bracket fungus, according to Covell's Guide
See Also
easily mistaken for a Crambid or Pyralid due to small size and upturned palps
Print References
Covell, p. 321, plate 41 #8 (2)
Kitching, I.J., and J.E. Rawlins. 1999. (The Noctuoidea, pp. 355-401 in Kristensen N.P. (editor). Lepidoptera: Moths and butterflies. Volume 1: Evolution, systematics and biogeography. Handbook of Zoology/Handbuch der Zoologie. Walter de Gruyter. Berlin/New York).
Powell, J.A., and P.A. Opler 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press. pl. 42.31; p. 253.(3)
Internet References
pinned adult image by John Glaser, and collection dates (Larry Line, Maryland)
pinned adult image (James Adams, Dalton State College, Georgia)
presence in California; list (U. of California at Berkeley)
presence in Texas; list (James Gillaspy, U. of Texas)
Works Cited
1.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
2.Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.
3.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
4.North American Moth Photographers Group