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Species Manduca quinquemaculatus - Five-spotted Hawk Moth - Hodges#7776

Five-Spotted Hawkmoth Larva - Manduca quinquemaculatus Five-Spotted Hawk Moth - Manduca quinquemaculatus Tomatoe Hornworm - Manduca quinquemaculatus Tomato Hornworm M. quinquemaculata? - Manduca quinquemaculatus Tomato Hornworm M. quinquemaculata? - Manduca quinquemaculatus Tomato Hornworm - Manduca quinquemaculatus What is this caterpillar - Manduca quinquemaculatus Manduca quinquemaculatus
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Bombycoidea (Silkworm, Sphinx, and Royal Moths)
Family Sphingidae (Sphinx Moths)
Subfamily Sphinginae
Tribe Sphingini
Genus Manduca
Species quinquemaculatus (Five-spotted Hawk Moth - Hodges#7776)
Hodges Number
7776
Other Common Names
Tomato Hornworm
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Manduca quinquemaculatus (Haworth, 1803)
Sphinx quinquemaculata Haworth, 1803
Phlegethontius celeus Hübner, [1821]
Protoparce quinquemaculata ab. wirti Schaus, 1927
Explanation of Names
Latin quinque- "five" + maculata- "spotted"
Size
Wingspan 9-13.5 cm
Identification
Adult: Similar to Carolina Sphinx, but has five pairs of spots on abdomen, not six. Zig-zag lines on hindwing are sharp, separated by white.
Larva: The caterpillar has eight v-shaped stripes rather than the seven diagonal stripes of the similar Tobacco Hornworm (larva of Carolina Sphinx). The horn is also straight and blue-black rather than orange, yellow red. Unfortunately many images of these caterpillars found on the internet are misidentified. See National Gardening Association website for correctly identified image of larva.
Range
Includes eastern North America. More common in southern states, especially along the Gulf Coast.
Season
May-October
Food
Larvae feed on tomato, tobacco, and relatives (Solanaceae).
Adults take nectar from flowers including Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica), petunia (Petunia hybrida), bouncing bet (Saponaria officinalis), tobacco (Nicotiana), and phlox (Phlox).
Life Cycle
Pupates in soil and overwinters at that stage.
Remarks
Caterpillars are sometimes a pest of cultivated plants.
Adults fly at dusk.
See Also
Carolina Sphinx - Manduca sexta
Print References
Covell, p. 32, plate 3 #4
Salsbury, p. 323--photo of specimen, adult (1)