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Species Eucopina tocullionana - White Pine Cone Borer - Hodges#3074

3074 - White Pine Cone Borer Moth - Eucopina tocullionana Attracted to lights - Eucopina tocullionana white pine cone borer - Eucopina tocullionana 3074 – Eucosma tocullionana – White Pinecone Borer - Eucopina tocullionana White Pine Cone Borer - Eucopina tocullionana White Pine Cone Borer - Eucopina tocullionana moth - Eucopina tocullionana - female Eucopina tocullionana? - Eucopina tocullionana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Eucosmini
Genus Eucopina
Species tocullionana (White Pine Cone Borer - Hodges#3074)
Hodges Number
3074
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Eucopina tocullionana (Heinrich, 1920) (1)
Eucosma tocullionana Heinrich, 1920 (2)
Size
Heinrich (1920) listed the wingspan 13-15 mm. (2)
Moth Photographers Group displays one specimen with 18 mm wingspan.
Identification
Heinrich (1920) original description is in PDF. (2)
Adult: forewing dark reddish-brown with large distinct orangish-yellow patches that often merge to create an irregular light-and-dark banding effect; hindwing brownish-gray with pale fringe; top of head yellow
Larva: grub-like; thoracic segments light greenish-brown; abdominal segments yellowish with no distinct dark patch (anal shield) on top of last segment [present in larvae of Shortleaf Pine Cone Borer (Eucosma cocana)]; head dark brown
Range
Minnesota to Quebec, south in the Appalachians to northern Georgia.
Type locality: Lyme, CT (A.B. Champlain).
Habitat
Pine trees; adults are nocturnal and attracted to light.
Season
The main flight period is April to August.
Larvae in May and June; pupation occurs in July.
Food
larvae feed on second-year cones of Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) and Virginia Pine (P. virginiana)
Remarks
Can be a pest in seed orchards.
See Also
Shortleaf Pine Cone Borer (Eucosma cocana) forewing patches are small and diffuse, not large and distinct
Eucosma bobana forewing is similar but that species has a western distribution
Print References
Gilligan, T.M., Wright, D.J., Munz, J., Yakobson, K. & M.P. Simmons, 2014. Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of Eucosma (Hübner) and related genera (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Eucosmini). Systematic Entomology 39(1): 61. (1)
Heinrich, C.,1920. On some forest Lepidoptera with descriptions of new species, larvae, and pupae. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 57: 59. (2)
Internet References
images of adult, larva, and cone damage plus common name reference, description, distribution map, biology, foodplants, damage (USDA Forest Service)
live adult images and date (Larry Line, Maryland)
pinned adult images and collection dates (Todd Gilligan, tortricidae.com)
Works Cited
1.Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of Eucosma (Hübner) and related genera (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Eucosmini)
Todd M. Gilligan, Donald J. Wright, Jacob Munz, Kendra Yakobson, Mark P. Simmons. 2014. Systematic Entomology, 39(1): 49–67.
2.On some forest Lepidoptera with descriptions of new species, larvae, and pupae
Carl Heinrich. 1920. Proceedings of The United States National Museum 57: 53-96.
3.North American Moth Photographers Group
4.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems