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TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Genus Sphodros

Sphodros rufipes - male Sphodros abboti spiderling. - Sphodros Sphodros abboti Black Purseweb Spider - Sphodros niger Sphodros niger - male Black and orange ground spider sp? - Sphodros rufipes Fat Spider found in pool - Sphodros Spider - trap door? - Sphodros atlanticus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Chelicerata (Chelicerates)
Class Arachnida (Arachnids)
Order Araneae (Spiders)
Infraorder Mygalomorphae (Mygalomorphs)
Family Atypidae (Purseweb Spiders)
Genus Sphodros
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Numbers
Seven species in eastern United States and Canada
Range
Regional endemics:
Sphodros abboti - southern Georgia, northern Florida
Sphodros coylei - South Carolina; Hoffman includes many records from Virginia
Sphodros fitchi - literature records from Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas (*new BG records from Iowa)
Sphodros paisano - southeastern Texas, adjacent Mexico

Widespread taxa:
Sphodros atlanticus - east-central US
Sphodros niger - northeastern US, north from Tennessee, east from Kansas
Sphodros rufipes - widespread in southeastern US, from eastern Texas

Maps for the more widespread species - S. atlanticus, S. niger & S. rufipes, can be found in Hoffmann (2010).
Print References
Coyle, F.A. and W.A. Shear. (1981) Observations on the natural history of Sphodros abboti and Sphodros rufipes (Araneae, Atypidae), with evidence for a contact sex pheromone. J. Arachnol.,9:317-326 (online PDF)

Gertsch, W. J. & Platnick, N. I. (1980). A revision of the American spiders of the family Atypidae (Araneae, Mygalomorphae). American Museum Novitates 2704: 1-39. (online PDF)

Hoffman, R. L. (2010). Purse-web spiders, genus Sphodros, in Virginia (Mygalomorphae: Atypidae). Banisteria 36: 31-38. (online PDF)