Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Genus Sphodros

Sphodros abboti - male Sphodros abboti - male Spider - Sphodros niger Sphodros abboti Black spider - Sphodros niger Cork-lid trapdoor spider? - Sphodros rufipes Sphodros niger - male Purseweb spider sp. - Sphodros fitchi - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Chelicerata (Chelicerates)
Class Arachnida (Arachnids)
Order Araneae (Spiders)
Infraorder Mygalomorphae (Mygalomorphs)
Family Atypidae (Purseweb Spiders)
Genus Sphodros
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Numbers
Seven species in eastern United States and Canada
Range
Regional endemics:
Sphodros abboti - southern Georgia, northern Florida
Sphodros coylei - South Carolina; Hoffman includes many records from Virginia
Sphodros fitchi - literature records from Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas (*new BG records from Iowa)
Sphodros paisano - southeastern Texas, adjacent Mexico

Widespread taxa:
Sphodros atlanticus - east-central US
Sphodros niger - northeastern US, north from Tennessee, east from Kansas
Sphodros rufipes - widespread in southeastern US, from eastern Texas

Maps for the more widespread species - S. atlanticus, S. niger & S. rufipes, can be found in Hoffmann (2010).
Print References
Coyle, F.A. and W.A. Shear. (1981) Observations on the natural history of Sphodros abboti and Sphodros rufipes (Araneae, Atypidae), with evidence for a contact sex pheromone. J. Arachnol.,9:317-326 (online PDF)

Gertsch, W. J. & Platnick, N. I. (1980). A revision of the American spiders of the family Atypidae (Araneae, Mygalomorphae). American Museum Novitates 2704: 1-39. (online PDF)

Hoffman, R. L. (2010). Purse-web spiders, genus Sphodros, in Virginia (Mygalomorphae: Atypidae). Banisteria 36: 31-38. (online PDF)