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Family Schizopteridae - Jumping Soil Bugs

Glyptocombus saltator, brachypterus form - specimen# SMEC0957295 - Glyptocombus saltator Schizopteridae - Corixidea major - male Glyptocombus saltator
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Dipsocoromorpha (Litter Bugs)
Family Schizopteridae (Jumping Soil Bugs)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
our fauna recently revised in(1)
10 spp. in 4 genera in our area(1); the largest family of the suborder, with ~360 described spp. in >42 genera worldwide (estimated diversity much higher, >1200 spp.)(1)(2)
Our fauna:
Corixidea major McAtee & Malloch: MD-FL to eOK-eTX
Glyptocombus halbertae Weirauch, Hoey-Chamberlain & Knyshov: FL (Collier Co)
Glyptocombus saltator Heidemann: MD GA MS OK TX
Glyptocombus suteri Weirauch, Hoey-Chamberlain & Knyshov: FL (Dade Co)
Nannocoris anophorus Weirauch, Hoey-Chamberlain & Knyshov: TX (Hays Co)
Nannocoris arenarius Blatchley: VA-FL
Nannocoris brevipilus Weirauch, Hoey-Chamberlain & Knyshov: TX (Angelina, Bastrop, Sabine Cos)
Schizoptera (Cantharocoris) bispina McAtee & Malloch: FL-TX-Guatemala
Schizoptera (Cantharocoris) rileyi Weirauch, Hoey-Chamberlain & Knyshov: LA-TX (Natchitoches Parish; Brazos, Cameron, Hidalgo Cos)
Schizoptera (Schizoptera) henryi Weirauch, Hoey-Chamberlain & Knyshov: TX (Cameron Co)
0.8-2 mm(3)
head strongly deflexed, eyes large, hind legs modified for jumping(4)
key to spp. in(1)
largely tropical; in our area, se. US (MD-FL to *KS-TX); Glyptocombus saltator ranges into MI(1)(*BG data)
the single specimen of the neotropical Chinannus advenus collected in Vancouver, BC was an accidental introduction, probably with timber (Knyshov et al. 2016:30)
damp soil, leaf litter(3)
all members are thought to feed on small invertebrates(4)
rarely collected; jump when disturbed(3); some come to lights(5)
Works Cited
1.Synopsis of Schizopteridae (Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Dipsocoromorpha) from the United States, with description of seven new sp...
Christiane Weirauch, Rochelle Hoey-Chamberlain, Alexander Knyshov. 2018. ZooKeys 796: 49-82.
2.Biodiversity of the Heteroptera
Henry T.J. 2009. In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H., eds. Insect biodiversity: Science and society. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell: 223-263.
3.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
4.Australian Faunal Directory
5.The occurrence in Florida and Virginia of Corixidea major, an exceptionally rare North American bug (Heteroptera:Schizopteridae)
R.L. Hoffman, S.M. Roble, T.J. Henry. 2005. Banisteria 26: 18-19.