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Species Smyrna blomfildia - Blomfild's Beauty - Hodges#4547

Blomfild's Beauty - Smyrna blomfildia Blomfild's Beauty feeding on an orange - Smyrna blomfildia Blomfild's Beauty - Smyrna blomfildia Blomfild's Beauty - Smyrna blomfildia Blomfild's Beauty - Smyrna blomfildia Blomfild's Beauty - Smyrna blomfildia Blomfild's Beauty - Smyrna blomfildia
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily Nymphalinae (Crescents, Checkerspots, Anglewings, etc.)
Tribe Nymphalini
Genus Smyrna (Beauties)
Species blomfildia (Blomfild's Beauty - Hodges#4547)
Hodges Number
4547
Explanation of Names
Smyrna blomfildia (Fabricius, 1781)
Identification
The underside of the hindwing has a series of eyespots near the outer edge and a psychedelic-looking arrangement of lines and shapes in white and brown. Two small triangular "tails" project off the rear outside corner. The wings are typically kept very tightly folded, and the species flights abruptly and rarely, so the forewing and the upperside are rarely seen in live specimens. Upperwing pattern is sexually dimorphic.
Range
se AZ, s. TX (as strays) to Peru - Map (MPG, BOA)
Habitat
Forest
Season
Year-round in the tropics; in the US, primarily November through January.
Food
Caterpillars feed on woody members of the nettle family Urticaceae, particularly the genus Urera. Adults found mainly at rotting fruit.
Life Cycle
Adults aestivate in high mountains during the dry season.
There are apparently some interesting relationships between the host plant Urera, the [i]S. blomfildia caterpillars, and ants, with the plant producing secretions that attract ants, the ants protecting the plant from caterpillar herbivory, and the caterpillars coming up with defense mechanisms in response to the ants.
Remarks
First U.S. Record: Weslaco, Hidalgo Co., Texas - 1978 (1)
Print References
Dutra, H.P., A.V.L. Freitas, and P.S. Oliveira 2006. Dual ant attraction in the Neotropical shrub Urera baccifera (Urticaceae): the role of ant visitation to pearl bodies and fruits in herbivore deterrence and leaf longevity. Functional Ecology 20 (2): 252.
Machado, Glauco, and Andre V. L. Freitas 2001. Larval defence against ant predation in the butterfly Smyrna blomfildia. Ecological Entomology 26 (4): 436.
Works Cited
1.Some new and rare records of Lepidoptera found in Texas.
Kendall, R.O., & W.W. McGuire. 1984. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 86: 1-50.