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TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Genus Nomada - Nomad Bees

Nomada - male Red Cuckoo Bee - Nomada Nomada - female Nomada - Nomada crotchii - female bee... - Nomada placida - male Cuckoo Bee - Nomada luteoloides - male Nomadinae - Nomada Nomada - male Cuckoo Bee - Nomada - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
No Taxon (Anthophila (Apoidea) - Bees)
Family Apidae (Cuckoo, Carpenter, Digger, Bumble, and Honey Bees)
Subfamily Nomadinae (Cuckoo Bees)
Tribe Nomadini (Nomad Bees)
Genus Nomada (Nomad Bees)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Nomada Scopoli 1770
the genus is divided into species groups rather than subgenera
Explanation of Names
Greek nomad- 'roaming'(1)
Numbers
>280 spp. in our area, >700 spp. worldwide/total(2)
Size
Most are small or medium in size.
Identification
Wasp-like, often red or red and black and often with yellow integumental markings. Others are yellow and black or have white markings instead of yellow. Females have specialized hair patches at the tip of their abdomen whereas males have a conspicuous pygidial plate, often notched.
Range
In our area, widespread in North America. Genus is found over much of the world (map)(2)
Season
Most species fly in spring but some fly in summer and fall.
Food
Cleptoparasites on other bees, most often Andrena but also including Agapostemon, Melitta, Eucera, and Exomalopsis. Both sexes visit open flowers such as composites for nectar. (See Life Cycle.)
Life Cycle
Cleptoparasites of various bees, primarily Andrena but also Agapostemon and Eucera (Synhalonia) (these are usually larger than the Andrena cleptoparasites). (J.S. Ascher, 23.iv.2008). The parasitic relationship is very host-specific, with each species of Nomada associated with a particular species of solitary bee (Quicke, p. 346).
Males mimic the specific odors of the host females and patrol the host nest site(3). Females obtain the mimetic chemicals from the males (Quicke, p. 346).
Print References
Alexander, B. A. 1994. Species-groups and cladistic analysis of the cleptoparasitic bee genus Nomada (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 55: 175-238. (Full Text)
Alexander, B. A., and M. Schwarz. 1994. A catalog of the species Nomada (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of the world. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 55: 239-270. (Full Text)
Quicke, Donald L. J. 2017. Mimicry, Crypsis, Masquerade and other Adaptive Resemblances. Oxford: Wiley.