Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

National Moth Week 2020 photos of insects and people.

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 BugGuide Gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama


TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Genus Draeculacephala

Sharpshooter - Draeculacephala constricta Waterlettuce Leafhopper - Draeculacephala inscripta Draeculacephala? - Draeculacephala noveboracensis Draeculacephala? - Draeculacephala floridana Leafhopper in Beaver County PA - Draeculacephala mollipes Sharpshooter Leafhopper - Draeculacephala septemguttata hopper - Draeculacephala Cicadellinae - Draeculacephala
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (True Hoppers)
Infraorder Cicadomorpha
Superfamily Membracoidea (Leafhoppers and Treehoppers)
Family Cicadellidae (Typical Leafhoppers)
Subfamily Cicadellinae (Sharpshooters)
Tribe Cicadellini
Genus Draeculacephala
Other Common Names
Doggers
Explanation of Names
Draeculacephala Ball, 1902
"Dracula-headed"
Numbers
20 spp. in our area(1), 25 total described(2)
Draeculacephala angulifera (Walker, 1851): Northern U.S. & Canada; Rocky Mts.
Draeculacephala antica (Walker, 1851): U.S. East of Rocky Mts.; temperate Canada
Draeculacephala balli Van Duzee, 1915: Coastal plain and Piedmont of SE U.S.
Draeculacephala bradleyi Van Duzee, 1915: Coastal plain and SE U.S.; Cuba
Draeculacephala californica Davidson & Frazier, 1949: SW U.S. & Mexico; Hawaii (introduced)
Draeculacephala constricta Davidson & DeLong, 1943: U.S. east of Rocky Mts.
Draeculacephala crassicornis Van Duzee, 1915: Western U.S. & Canada
Draeculacephala floridana Ball, 1901: Gulf coast
Draeculacephala inscripta Van Duzee, 1915: SE U.S.; Hawaii (introduced)
Draeculacephala minerva Ball, 1927: SE U.S. & Mexico; Hawaii (introduced)
Draeculacephala mollipes (Say, 1830): Eastern U.S. & Canada
Draeculacephala navicula Hamilton, 1985: Texas & Mexico
Draeculacephala noveboracensis (Fitch, 1851): Canada & Northern U.S.
Draeculacephala pagoda Ball, 1927: FL
Draeculacephala paludosa Ball & China, 1933: Canada & Northern U.S.
Draeculacephala portola Ball, 1927: Coastal SE U.S.
Draeculacephala producta (Walker, 1851): FL & Cuba
Draeculacephala robinsoni Hamilton, 1967: Eastern U.S. & Canada
Draeculacephala savannahae Hamilton, 1985: SE coastal plain
Draeculacephala septemguttata (Walker, 1851): SE U.S.
Extralimital species:
Draeculacephala albipicta Dietrich, 1994: Ecuador
Draeculacephala clypeata Osborn, 1926: Neotropical
Draeculacephala soluta Gibson, 1919: Mexico & Central America
Draeculacephala tucumanensis Dietrich, 1994: Northern Argentina
Draeculacephala youngi Dietrich, 1994: Northern South America
Identification
Usually green sharpshooters with triangular heads that project forward to a sharp point. Descriptions for each species can be found on their respective pages. It is often crucial that detailed photos of various angles (particularly lateral and ventral) are obtained along with a length in order to identify to species-level.
keys in(2)(3)
Range
Throughout the New World; most diverse in the southern U.S. and neotropics, but present throughout Canada. Three species have been introduced in Hawaii.
Habitat
Often found in grasslands, lawns, fields, etc. Some are rare specialised species which prefer different moist habitats such as saltmarshes, bogs, and rivers (speciation likely occurred due to these habitats as most species are polyphagous). Sometimes present on forage crops and can become pests. (4)
Food
Primarily grasses & sedges
Remarks
Draeculacephala is one of the most common genera in the New World and one of the larger sharpshooter genera north of Mexico. Identification in this genus is tough and many species cannot be differentiated based on male genitalia alone; other morphological characteristics are usually required to differentiate species.

Draeculacephala clypeata has been spotted in Mexico very close to the Texas border. It's possible that this species may be found in Texas. D. soluta could possibly be found in Arizona, though this would be a somewhat far reach for the species.
See Also
Helochara — a sister genus commonly found in the northern U.S. and Canada with a more bluntly shaped head.


Xyphon — a sister genus found in the southern U.S. and neotropics with a more bluntly-shaped head that often sports ochraceous markings.


Prairiana — an unrelated genus with pointed heads that can occasionally be confused with the tan members of Draeculacephala to the untrained eye.


Hortensia similis — a green sharpshooter from the Gulf states sometimes mis-ID'd as Draeculacephala.
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Systematics of the leafhopper genus Draeculacephala Ball (Homoptera: Cicadellidae)
Dietrich C.H. 1994. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 120: 87-112.
3.Review of Draeculacephala Ball (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae)
Hamilton K.G.A. 1985. Entomologische Abhandlungen, Staatl. Mus. Tierkunde Dresden 49: 83-103.
4.The leafhoppers, or Cicadellidae, of Illinois (Eurymelinae - Balcluthinae)
Dwight Moore Delong. 1948. Bulletin of the Illinois Natural History Survey, Volume 24, Article 2, State of Illinois.