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Species Draeculacephala inscripta - Waterlettuce Leafhopper

Leafhopper - Draeculacephala inscripta Leafhopper - Draeculacephala inscripta Waterlettuce Leafhopper - Draeculacephala inscripta Waterlettuce Leafhopper - Draeculacephala inscripta Draeculacephala inscripta 2018-09-21 Weird green sharpshooter - Draeculacephala inscripta Draeculacephala inscripta? - Draeculacephala inscripta Draeculacephala inscripta
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (True Hoppers)
Infraorder Cicadomorpha
Superfamily Membracoidea (Leafhoppers and Treehoppers)
Family Cicadellidae (Typical Leafhoppers)
Subfamily Cicadellinae (Sharpshooters)
Tribe Cicadellini
Genus Draeculacephala
Species inscripta (Waterlettuce Leafhopper)
Explanation of Names
Draeculacephala inscripta Van Duzee 1915
inscripta = 'inscribed'
Size
♂♂ ~6mm, ♀♀ ~8mm
Identification
An unmistakable species with heavy dark lines on face and side of head, dorsum green (tip of forewing may be light bluish), legs and sides of head & thorax light blue, and the scutellum often has a distinctive pattern of black dots. The wing venation is often an inconspicuous green (as in Helochara), which is unique to the genus. There are bold vermiculations on pronotum. Often a darker green than most other members of the genus. This species has a very short head compared to other Draecs. Blue forms have been recorded.
Marks on scutellum:
Range
Southern United States east of Rocky Mts., introduced in Hawaii.
Habitat
Near water in marshes, wetlands(1)
Food
Nymphs and adults feed on Water Lettuce (Pistia stratiotes) and Floating Primrose-willow or Water-primrose (Ludwigia peploides)
Leaves of water lettuce heavily infested with nymphs turn a yellow or gold color, but it is not known whether this is symptomatic of a viral disease transmitted by the leafhopper, or due to leaf degradation cause by excessive sap loss
Life Cycle
Over a one-month period, female deposits up to 75 eggs into soft spongy tissue of hostplant leaf; eggs hatch in 4-6 days, and nymphs pass through five instars while feeding on hostplant; egg-to-adult period about 28 days; adults probably live for several weeks(1)
See Also
Draeculacephala paludosa — this is a morphologically similar species, occurring in the Great Lakes region
Works Cited
1.Insects and other arthropods that feed on aquatic and wetland plants
Center T.D., Dray F.A., Jubinsky G.P., Grodowitz M.J. 2002. USDA ARS, Technical Bulletin 1870. 200 pp.