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Subfamily Cicadellinae - Sharpshooters

Leafhopper in Beaver County PA - Draeculacephala mollipes Red-banded Leafhopper  - Graphocephala coccinea SharpShooter - Oncometopia orbona Leafhopper - Graphocephala gothica leafhopper - Sibovia occatoria Leafhopper - Cuerna yuccae Glassy-winged sharpshooter - Homalodisca vitripennis
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (Free-living Hemipterans)
Infraorder Cicadomorpha
Superfamily Membracoidea (Leafhoppers, Treehoppers and Aetalionids)
Family Cicadellidae (Leafhoppers)
Subfamily Cicadellinae (Sharpshooters)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
=Amblycephalinae, Tettigellinae
Explanation of Names
The name 'sharpshooters' refers to their habit of forcing excess water droplets out of the tip of the abdomen with an audible popping noise. (based on Dr Hamilton's comment)
(video of this behavior here)
ca. 160 spp. in >30 genera in our area(1); ~2,400 spp. in ~330 genera worldwide, arranged in 2 tribes(2)

species missing from the guide
this subfamily is small enough with distinct species that a mostly comprehensive list of missing taxa can be assembled.
Allogonia luculenta
Apogonalia mediolineata
Ciminius taosus
Cuerna curvata
Cuerna hasbroucki
Cuerna kaloostiani
Cuerna lyrifora
Cuerna sayi
Cuerna stitti
Decua cucurbita
Draeculacephala pagoda
Graphocephala marathonensis
Manzutus huachucanus
Manzutus mexicanus
xylem feeders
Pending tribal revision with the erection of Oncometopiini (which will include all current members of Proconiini north of Mexico except for Paraulacizes). Closely related to Evacanthinae (Pagaroniini is most similar) and Signoretiinae (found in the afrotropics and oriental realm). Bathysmatophorinae may also be closely related.
Print References
McKamey, S.H. (2007) Taxonomic Catalogue of the Leafhoppers (Membracoidea). Part 1. Cicadellinae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 78: 1–394.
Young, D.A. (1968) Taxonomic study of the Cicadellinae (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). Part 1. Proconiini. United States National Museum Technical Bulletin 261. 287 pp.
Young, D.A. (1977) Taxonomic study of the Cicadellinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Part 2. New World Cicadellini and the genus Cicadella. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 239. 1135 pp. (title page)