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Species Heliconius charithonia - Zebra Longwing - Hodges#4418

Zebra Longwing - Heliconius charithonia - male Butterfly - Heliconius charithonia - male Zebras In Shade - Heliconius charithonia - male - female zebra longwing - Heliconius charithonia Zebra Longwing (Heliconius charithonia) - Heliconius charithonia  Zebra Longwing - Heliconius charithonia Zebra longwing in Maryland - Heliconius charithonia Zebra Longwing - Heliconius charithonia
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily Heliconiinae (Heliconians and Fritillaries)
Tribe Heliconiini (Longwings or Heliconians)
Genus Heliconius
Species charithonia (Zebra Longwing - Hodges#4418)
Hodges Number
Other Common Names
Zebra Heliconian
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Syn: charitonia, see Brower (1994)
Explanation of Names
Heliconius charithonia (Linnaeus 1767)
72-100mm (1)
Adult: Black wings with narrow yellow stripes. (1)

Caterpillar: White with fine transverse bands. Six rows of black spines. (1)
Peninsular Florida and south Texas. (Strays to CA-CO-NY) / W. Indies / Mex. to C. Amer. (MPG), BOA
Tropical hammocks and edges of river forests. (1)
year round in s FL and s TX (MPG)
Larvae feed on Passion-vines. (1). Adults consume pollen in addition to nectar.
Zebra Longwing butterflies roost gregariously, forming large clusters and often returning to the same roost night after night:

Adult males are attracted to female chrysalids just before they emerge. (2) See below, and linked images, for an example:

The Zebra Longwing is the state butterfly of Florida.
See Also
No similar N. Amer. spp.
Print References
Opler, pp. 233-234, plate 19. (1)
Brower, A.V.Z. 1994. The case of the missing h: Heliconius charithonia (L., 1767), not "Heliconius charitonia (L., 1767)." Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 48(2): 166-168. (PDF)
Internet References
The Royal Society. Pollen feeding in the butterfly Heliconius charitonia.
Works Cited
1.A Field Guide to Eastern Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides)
Paul A. Opler, Vichai Malikul, Roger Tory Peterson. 1992. Houghton Mifflin Company.
2.Butterflies and Moths (A Golden Guide from St. Martin's Press)
Robert T. Mitchell, Herbert S. Zim, Andre Durenceau. 2001. Golden Guides from St. Martin's Press.