Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes



Species Catocala chelidonia - Hodges#8838

Catocala chelidonia - female Catocala chelidonia Catocala chelidonia. ? - Catocala chelidonia Arizona Moth - Catocala chelidonia Arizona Moth - Catocala chelidonia
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Catocalini
Genus Catocala (Underwings)
Species chelidonia (Catocala chelidonia - Hodges#8838)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Catocala chelidonia Grote, 1881 (1), (2), (3)
Phylogenetic sequence #930825
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet from Greek χελῑδών +‎ ῐος meaning "like a swallow" or "colored like the swallow’s throat, reddish-brown, russet."
There are 110 named Catocala species in America north of Mexico. (4)
Three subspecies are recognized. (5)
Catocala chelidonia chelidonia Grote, 1881
C. c. occidentalis Hawks, 2010
C. c. uniforma Hawks, 2010
Wingspan 45-50 mm.
California to New Mexico to Utah
C. c. occidentalis - California only
C. c. uniforma - mountains of southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico
C. c. chelidonia – the rest of the range
Lectotype male: Prescott, Arizona. (6)
Adults fly June to September.
Larval host is Sonoran scrub oak, Quercus turbinella. (7)
See Also
Catocala mcdunnoughi, which ranges from southern California to southern Oregon.
Print References
Barnes, Wm. & J.H. McDunnough, 1918. Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1): p.33; Pl.10, f.9. (3)
Grote, A., 1881. New moths from Arizona, with remarks on Catocala and Heliothis. Papilio 1(7): 159. (1)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler 2009. Moths of Western North America, p. 262. (4)
Works Cited
1.New moths from Arizona, with remarks on Catocala and Heliothis.
Augustus Radcliffe Grote. 1881. Papilio 1(7): 153-168.
2.The genus Catocala.
George. D. Hulst. 1884. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 7(1): 14-56.
3.Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala.
William Barnes, James Halliday McDunnough. 1918. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1).
4.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
5.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
6.Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). III.
Gall, Lawrence F. & David C. Hawks. 2002. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 56(4): 234-264.
7.Review of the Catocala delilah species complex (Lepidoptera, Erebidae)
David C. Hawks. 2010. ZooKeys 39 (2010) : Special issue: 13-35.
8.Bill Oehlke's North American Catocala