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Species Homalodisca vitripennis - Glassy-winged Sharpshooter

cicada? - Homalodisca vitripennis Insect found on fennel plant - Homalodisca vitripennis Sharpshooter - Homalodisca vitripennis - male Unfamilar bug - Homalodisca vitripennis ? - Homalodisca vitripennis Bronze-speckled leafhopper - Homalodisca vitripennis Hopper Nymph - Homalodisca vitripennis Hopper Nymph - Homalodisca vitripennis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (Free-living Hemipterans)
Superfamily Cicadoidea (Cicadas, Leafhoppers, and Treehoppers)
Family Cicadellidae (Leafhoppers)
Subfamily Cicadellinae (Sharpshooters)
Tribe Proconiini
Genus Homalodisca
Species vitripennis (Glassy-winged Sharpshooter)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Homalodisca coagulata (Say 1832)
Explanation of Names
Homalodisca vitripennis (Germar 1821)
vitripennis = 'glassy wing'
Size
11-14 mm
Identification
Flattened head and "glassy" wing patches, and head with pale spots on dark ground. Separated from the smoke-tree sharpshooter as shown here.
Range
se. US (TX-FL-NC-AR) & Mexico(1), introduced in sw. US (CA-AZ) (BG data)
Remarks
A major vector of Pierce's disease on grape. Usually not a serious pest within its native range, southeastern US. This species was accidentally introduced into so. California in the early 1990s, probably with ornamental or agricultural stock. There, it has become a serious threat to viticulture.(2)
The biggest problem is that it can spread the disease-causing bacterium Xylella fastidiosa.
The most important biocontrols are egg-parasite wasps in the genus Gonatocerus. Spiders, assassin bugs, and praying mantis prey on the mobile forms.
See Also
Homalodisca liturata. Its is covered with wavy, light-colored lines, rather than spots.
Print References
Takiya D.M., McKamey S.H., Cavichiloi R.R. (2006) Validity of Homalodisca and of H. vitripennis as the name for glassy-winged sharpshooter (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Cicadellinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 99: 648-655 (Full text)