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Upcoming Events

Discussion of 2018 gathering

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa

Photos from the 2010 Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa

Photos from the 2009 gathering in Washington


Species Phanaeus vindex - Rainbow Scarab

Illinois Data Point - Phanaeus vindex - female Help - Phanaeus vindex Rainbow Scarab - Phanaeus vindex - male Rainbow Scarab - Phanaeus vindex - female Phanaeus (Phanaeus) vindex MacLeay - Phanaeus vindex - male Phanaeus vindex  - Phanaeus vindex Large Beetle - Phanaeus vindex Phanaeus vindex Macleay, 1819 - Phanaeus vindex - female
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Scarabaeinae (Dung Beetles)
Tribe Phanaeini
Genus Phanaeus (Rainbow Scarabs)
Species vindex (Rainbow Scarab)
Explanation of Names
Phanaeus (Phanaeus) vindex MacLeay, 1819
vindex (L). 'a defender' (1)
7 spp. n. of Mex. (2)
11-22 mm (3)
Pronotum coppery red, elytra green. Pronotum of "major" male has sharp posterior angles.

Major males, depicted, are easier to differentiate than minor males (w/ short horns) and females (w/ very short horns).
e US to AZ (AZ-FL-ME-NE) / n. MEX. (3), (the most widespread Phanaeus in the US)
broad ecological parameters from Sonoran Desert to subtropical Florida to New England (3)
mostly: Apr-Sep (yr round in FL) (BG data)
Life Cycle
may hybridize with P. difformis (3)
common (BG data)
See Also
- Range: sc US sandy areas
Det. E. G. Riley, 1994
Print References
Blume, R.R. and A. Aga. 1978. Observations on ecological and phylogenetic relationships of Phanaeus difformis LeConte and Phanaeus vindex MacLeay (Coleopetera: Scarabaeidae) in North America. Southwestern Entomologist 3: 113-120.
Harpootlian, pp. 19-20 (4)
Internet References
Awesome photo -
Works Cited
1.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
2.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
3.Revision of Phanaeus MacLeay, A New World genus of scarabaeine dung beetles
Edmonds, W.D. 1994. 1994. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Contributions to Science 443.
4.Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.