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Species Liriomyza asclepiadis - Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly

Milkweed Leaf Miner [=Liriomyza asclepiadis?] ID Request - Liriomyza asclepiadis Leaf miner on common milkweed - Liriomyza asclepiadis What eats milkweed? - Liriomyza asclepiadis Unid Leafminer Gas1 - Liriomyza asclepiadis Unid Leafminer Gas1 - Liriomyza asclepiadis Asclepias syriaca host - Liriomyza asclepiadis leaf miner on Asclepias curassavica - Liriomyza asclepiadis ? - Liriomyza asclepiadis leaf miner on Asclepias curassavica - Liriomyza asclepiadis ? - Liriomyza asclepiadis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Acalyptratae")
Superfamily Opomyzoidea
Family Agromyzidae (Leaf Miner Flies)
Subfamily Phytomyzinae
Genus Liriomyza
Species asclepiadis (Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Liriomyza asclepiadis Spencer, 1969
Size
wing length 1.6-2 mm (1)
Identification
larvae:

puparium pale, yellowish, posterior spiracles each with ellipse of about 10 bulbs (1):

adult:
Range
ne US (IA-MD-NB-MN)(1)(BG data)
Food
hosts on Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata), Oval-leaf Milkweed (A. ovalifolia), Purple Milkweed (A. purpurascens), Prairie Milkweed (A. sullivantii), Showy Milkweed (A. speciosa), and Common Milkweed (A. syriaca) (1)(2)(3)
Life Cycle
Larva forming small, predominantly regular blotch mine (fig. 794), with greenish diffused frass, pupating externally(1)
can be very abundant (tens of miners per plant) and produces splotch mines up to 4 cm2 on leaves(4)
Remarks
parasitized by this Eulophidae
See Also
Liriomyza subasclepiadis Spencer, 1986 (1)
Not distinguishable externally from L. asclepiadis.
Host/Early Stages: Showy Milkweed (A. speciosa).
Larva form greenish, irregular interparenchymal mine, partially linear.
Distribution: Washington.
Print References
Agrawal, A.A. 2005. Natural selection on common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) by a community of specialized insect herbivores. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 7: 651–667. (4)
Betz, R.F., W.R. Rommel & J.J. Dichtl. 2000. Insect herbivores of 12 milkweed (Asclepias) species, Pp. 7-19. In: C. Warwick (ed.). Proceedings of the Fifteenth North American Prairie Conference, Natural Areas Association, Bend, OR. (3)
Spencer, K.A. 1969. The Agromyzidae of Canada and Alaska. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 64: 1–311. (5)
Spencer, K.A. 1990. Host Specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands. xii + 443 pp. (Pg. 180)
Spencer, K.A., and G.C. Steyskal. 1986. Manual of the Agromyzidae (Díptera) of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook No. 638, vi + 478 pp. (1)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Manual of the Agromyzidae (Diptera) of the United States - Agriculture Handbook Number 638
Kenneth A. Spencer and George C. Steyskal. 1986. United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service.
2.Host Specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera)
Kenneth A. Spencer. 1990. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
3.Insect herbivores of 12 milkweed (Asclepias) species.
Betz, R.F., W.R. Rommel & J.J. Dichtl. 2000. Pp. 7-19. In: C. Warwick (ed.). Proceedings of the 15th North American Prairie Conference, Natural Areas Association, Bend, OR.
4.Natural selection on common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) by a community of specialized insect herbivores.
Agrawal, A.A. 2005. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 7: 651–667.
5.The Agromyzidae of Canada and Alaska
Kenneth A. Spencer. 1969. The Entomological Society of Canada.