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Species Eumorpha vitis - Vine Sphinx - Hodges#7864

Unknown moth - Eumorpha vitis Darth Vader - Eumorpha vitis Vine Sphinx Moth - Eumorpha vitis Big Cat - Eumorpha vitis Eumorpha vitis Vine Sphinx? - Eumorpha vitis Vine Sphinx? - Eumorpha vitis Eumorpha vitis - Vine Sphinx ? - Eumorpha vitis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Bombycoidea (Silkworm, Sphinx, and Royal Moths)
Family Sphingidae (Sphinx Moths)
Subfamily Macroglossinae
Tribe Macroglossini
Genus Eumorpha
Species vitis (Vine Sphinx - Hodges#7864)
Hodges Number
7864
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Eumorpha vitis (Linnaeus)
Orig. Comb: Sphinx vitis Linnaeus, 1758
Explanation of Names
species name "vitis" and common name "Vine" both refer to the species' use of grapes (genus Vitis) and other vines as host plants for caterpillars
Identification
Caterpillar is green or brownish with diagonal white stripes on the flanks; lacks the usual "horn" of sphingid larvae. Adult has dark wings with one broad pale stripe that splits into a "Y" in toward the body, and three thin stripes crossing the Y.
Range
mostly TX, FL - Map - MPG
Florida west to southern Arizona, south through the West Indies and Mexico to Argentina. Stray individuals recorded as far north as Nebraska, Missouri, and Illinois.
Habitat
tropical and subtropical lowlands
Season
Apr-Nov - MPG
Food
Adults are nectar feeders, possibly favoring orchids, Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium), and Periwinkle (Vinca spp.).
Caterpillars feed on foliage of several genera including Vitis, Cissus, Parthenocissus, Ludwigia, and Magnolia.
See Also
Banded Sphinx - Eumorpha fasciatus - has the brown band along costa (leading edge of wing)
White-lined Sphinx - Hyles lineata) - superficially similar
Larvae are similar to Achemon sphinx, Eumorpha achemon, but 4 - 5 white spiracular lines are not segmented.
Internet References
Systema naturae, 10th ed., p.491 - Linnaeus' original description of the species (in Latin)