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Species Pyrausta unifascialis - One-banded Pyrausta - Hodges#5068

One-banded Pyrausta - Pyrausta unifascialis Moth - Pyrausta unifascialis Somewhat Drab Moth - Pyrausta unifascialis One-banded Pyrausta - Pyrausta unifascialis One-banded Pyrausta - Pyrausta unifascialis Moth - Pyrausta unifascialis Moth, unid. - Pyrausta unifascialis One banded Pyrausta - Pyrausta unifascialis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea (Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths)
Family Crambidae (Crambid Snout Moths)
Subfamily Pyraustinae
Genus Pyrausta
Species unifascialis (One-banded Pyrausta - Hodges#5068)
Hodges Number
5068
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Pyrausta unifascialis (Packard, 1873)
Botys unifascialis Packard, 1873
Explanation of Names
UNIFASCIALIS: from the Latin "unis" (one) + "fascia" (band); refers to the whitish band across the forewing, and is the origin of the suggested common name One-banded Pyrausta
Numbers
Four subspecies: P. u. arizonensis, rindgei, subolivalis, unifascialis
Size
Powell & Opler (2009) listed the forewing length 10-14 mm. (1)
Identification
Adult: forewing brown with scattered black scales and whitish S-shaped band across subterminal area; diffuse white discal spot or patch, and partial pale terminal band that fades before reaching apex; hindwing dark gray with large white triangular discal patch; snout, head, and collar with orangish scales.
Powell & Opler (2009) stated "Populations in the north tend to have darker individuals, while those in southern California are paler" (1)
Packard (1873) original description is available online. 261.
Range
California(2) and Arizona(3) to Yukon(4), east across Canada(5) to Nova Scotia, south in the east to New Jersey and Illinois (absent from southcentral and southeastern states)
Habitat
Forest openings, clearings, fields were foodplant grows.
Season
Powell & Opler (2009) reported the flight period as April to August. (1)
Food
Polyphagous(1)...larvae have been reported feeding on plants in a number of genera/families: pussytoes (Antennaria, Asteraceae), beans (Phaseolus, Fabaceae), buckwheats (Eriogonum, Polygonaceae), and ground-smoke (Gayophytum, Onagraceae)
See Also
Other similar species of Pyrausta and Loxostege lack the S-shaped whitish band in subterminal area (see images of related species.
Print References
Munroe, E., 1976. The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 13.2b. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, p. 133; pl. 9, figs. 66-84. (6)
Packard, A.S., 1873. Catalogue of the Pyralidae of California, with descriptions of new Pterophorida. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New-York 10, p. 261.
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler, 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press, p. 177; pl. 22, figs. 47, 48. (1)
Works Cited
1.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
2.Essig Museum of Entomology, California Moth Species List
3.Moths of Southeast Arizona
4.Butterflies and Moths of the Yukon
J.D. Lafontaine & D.M. Wood. 1997. In: Danks H.V., Downes J.A. (Eds.), Insects of the Yukon. Biological Survey of Canada (Terrestrial Arthropods), Ottawa: 787–86.
5. An annotated list of the Lepidoptera of Alberta, Canada
Gregory R. Pohl, Gary G. Anweiler, B. Christian Schmidt, Norbert G. Kondla. 2010. ZooKeys 38: 1–549.
6.The Moths of America North of Mexico. Fascicle 13.2B. Pyraloidea, Pyralidae (part), Pyraustinae, Pyraustini (conclusion)...
Munroe, Eugene. 1976. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.
7.North American Moth Photographers Group
8.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems
9.University of Alberta Entomology Collection