Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Checklist of the species of the subfamily Vespinae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
By Carpenter, James M., and Jun-ichi Kojima
Nat. Hist. Bulletin of Ibaraki Univ. 1:51-92, 1997
Cite: 567432 with citation markup [cite:567432]
Indispensable taxonomic and distributional work for these wasps. Available for download as pdf at: