Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Genus Lactura

Gregarious caterpillars - Lactura pupula Lactura psammitis--2406? for Web ID and for Texas? - Lactura rubritegula Lactura pupula Hidden Beauty - Lactura subfervens Lactura basistriga - Hodges#2404 - Lactura subfervens moth - Lactura subfervens unknown Caterpillar on Quercus virginiana - Lactura pupula Lactura pupula
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Zygaenoidea (Flannel, Slug Caterpillar, Leaf Skeletonizer Moths and kin)
Family Lacturidae (Tropical Burnet Moths)
Genus Lactura
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
formerly placed in family Yponomeutidae, Lactura was subsequently designated as the type-genus for the new family Lacturidae within the Zygaenoidea by Heppner in 1995
Explanation of Names
Lactura Walker, 1854
Numbers
6 species in North America:
Lactura atrolinea (Barnes & McDunnough, 1913)
Lactura basistriga (Barnes & McDunnough, 1913)
Lactura nalli Matson & Wagner, 2019
Lactura pupula (Hübner, [1831])
Lactura rubritegula Matson & Wagner, 2017
Lactura subfervens (Walker, 1854)
Size
Wingspan of 17-26 mm (1)
Identification
For both adults and larvae see Matson, Wagner & Miller (1)
Range
Kansas, Missouri, Illinois and Kentucky, south to Florida and Texas. (1)
Season
Univoltine across most of their range with the exceptions of southernmost Texas and Florida, adults are most prevalent in early spring. (1)
Food
Larvae feed exclusively on the new growth of Sideroxylon species. (1)
See Also
Matson, Wagner & Miller. (1)
Print References
Heppner (2018) recommended that all New World species of Lactura be reassigned to the genus Enaemia Zeller 1872.

Heppner, J. B. 2018. Reassessment of Old World Lactura and validity of Enaemia for New World species (Lepidoptera: Zygaenoidea: Lacturidae). Lepidoptera Novae 11(1–2): 7–14.
Internet References
pinned adult image and distribution of L. pupula (James Adams, Dalton State College, Georgia)
pinned adult image of L. pupula plus photos of related species by Jim Vargo (Moth Photographers Group)
pinned adult images of L. pupula (All-Leps)
common name reference of family (Tree of Life Web Project)
placement of Lactura in family Lacturidae by Heppner (Brian Pitkin, Butterflies and Moths of the World)
presence in Florida; list of 2 species (John Heppner, Florida State Collection of Arthropods)
presence in Texas; list of L. pupula (Dale Clark, Texas)
presence in Illinois; list of L. pupula (Illinois State Museum)
Works Cited
1.Revision of the North American Lactura (Lepidoptera, Zygaenoidea, Lacturidae)
Matson, T.A., D.L. Wagner, S.E. Miller. 2019. ZooKeys, 846: 75–116.