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Genus Rugosana

Rugosana querci? - Rugosana leafhopper - Rugosana querci Rugosana querci Male, Gypona bimaculata? - Rugosana Gyponana - Rugosana querci Leafhopper Nymph - Rugosana querci Rugosana Rugosana querci
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (True Hoppers)
Infraorder Cicadomorpha
Superfamily Membracoidea (Leafhoppers and Treehoppers)
Family Cicadellidae (Typical Leafhoppers)
Subfamily Iassinae
Tribe Gyponini
Genus Rugosana
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Previously treated as a subgenus of Gyponana
Explanation of Names
Rugosana DeLong 1942
Numbers
10 spp. in our area, 21 total(1)
Rugosana ampliata (Ball, 1935): AZ
Rugosana chadana (Ball & Reeves, 1927): UT, AZ
Rugosana fibrata (DeLong, 1942): AZ
Rugosana lora (DeLong, 1942): AZ
Rugosana manua (DeLong, 1942): CA, UT, AZ
Rugosana plummeri (DeLong, 1942): AZ, Mexico
Rugosana pullata (Ball, 1935): GA, MS, AZ, Mexico
Rugosana querci (DeLong, 1942): eastern U.S. into Southwest
Rugosana ramosa (Kirkaldy, 1907): TX, AZ
Rugosana verrucosa (DeLong, 1942): AZ
Identification
full article on identification here
Particularly in the western states, it is very important that detailed underside shots of females are obtained showing the pregenital sternite (which are often distinctive among species in this genus). These species have much more roughly-textured wings than the similar Gyponana, creating a mottled appearance. Many species look identical and this genus is very understudied, so underside shots are crucial. Males can potentially be ID'd, but saving a specimen for analysis is recommend in the western states. In the northeastern states, R. querci is the only known species present. The southeast is more difficult with the additional presence of R. pullata, but most southeastern images will tentatively be moved to R. querci for now given the rarity of R. pullata and the likelihood of slight morphological differences.

see below for a graphic detailing the pregenital sternites of U.S. species.
Range
e NA to Calif. / s. to Costa Rica(1)
Season
June-Dec, but yr round in FL & AZ (BG data)
Food
Oaks
Remarks
R. rugosa is a Mexican species that was confused with R. querci specimens in the eastern U.S. for some time. This species is not found in the U.S.

Extralimital species
Rugosana carpa (Freytag, 2005): Dominican Republic
Rugosana compta (Fowler, 1903): Mexico
Rugosana consora (DeLong & Freytag, 1964): Guatemala
Rugosana edita (DeLong & Freytag, 1964): Guatemala
Rugosana pacta (DeLong & Freytag, 1964): Guatemala
Rugosana puniceiventris (Fowler, 1903): Mexico
Rugosana reta (Freytag, 2005): Dominican Republic
Rugosana rugosa (Spangberg, 1878): Mexico
Rugosana urbana (DeLong & Freytag, 1964): Guatemala
Rugosana varga (DeLong & Freytag, 1973): Mexico
Rugosana venusta (DeLong & Freytag, 1964): Mexico