Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Walker 1855 (1)
Explanation of Names
?The first author was presumably Thaddeus William Harris
1841, A report on the insects of Massachusetts injurious to vegetation
), see biographical note at Gray Herbarium
, also here
Apantesis is Greek, and is usually translated as "meeting" or "official greeting". Power and Sedgwick, The New Sydenham Society's Lexicon of Medicine and The Allied Sciences (1881), via Google books, gives the meaning of apantesis (απαντησισ) as the act of going to meet, opposition, antagonism, an event or consequence of disease.
Another possibility for the origin of the name is Greek apanthesis
(απανθησισ), meaning the time of plucking flowers, time of floral fading (Power and Sedgwick, 1881). There is a fossil genus of butterflies with this name, Apanthesis Scudder 1889
lists four species for North America.
Medium-sized tiger moths with very dark forewings. Identification of species is difficult, and the taxonomy may still be rather confused. See photo, print references.
Eastern and Central North America
Varied, near fields, lawns.
Adults probably do not feed.
Larvae feed on herbs, such as dandelion. Life history refers to three eastern species described by Covell (4)
There is no 100% consistent diagnostic characteristic in wing maculation or spots/no spots on the patagia (the "collar"), to reliably distinguish nais/carlotta/phalerata/vittata. The only full-proof method is dissection and examination of genitalia (the exception is in male phalerata, in which the valve is easily distinguished by its longer, up-curved apex. So one could brush the scales away from the last sternite and see it without dissection. The nais/carlotta/vittata group have rather blunt and rounded apices of the valve.)
However, within this group, using the sum of typical (although not necessarily diagnostic) characteristics, can allow for a reasonably probable species ID.
-- J.D. Roberts
Covell, pp. 69-70, plate 15 (4)
Covell, pp. 70-72, plates 14-16 (4)
Schmidt, B. Christian, 2009
. 'Taxonomic revision of the genus Grammia
Rambur (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Arctiinae)'; Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 156, 507–597. With 135 figures
North Carolina State University Entomology
lists several species for the state--this could represent older or newer taxonomy than in nearctica.com.