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Species Zale intenta - Bold-Based Zale - Hodges#8713.1

Bold-Based Zale - Zale intenta Zale lunifera - Zale intenta Intent Zale - Zale intenta  Bold-based Zale - Hodges#8713 - Zale intenta 93-1049(8713.1) Zale intenta - Zale intenta Zale intenta Zale intenta Moth with crescent spots - Zale intenta
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Omopterini
Genus Zale
Species intenta (Bold-Based Zale - Hodges#8713.1)
Hodges Number
8713.1
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Zale intenta (Walker, [1858])
Homoptera intenta Walker, [1858]
Zale dealbata Strand, 1917
Zale woodi Franclemont & Todd, 1983
Homoptera woodii Grote, 1877
* phylogenetic sequence #931049
Size
forewing length 19-20mm (Schmidt, 2010)
larva to 4cm(1)
Identification
Adult: Basal area dark brown, contrasting with remainder of wing, with paler patch at base of costa • FW grayish-brown to dark brown, covered in fine, black striae (particularly developed in southern populations) • AM dark brown to black, sometimes paler brown medially; bordered distally by pale grey-brown shading • Orbicular absent or small and black • Reniform rust brown centrally with a fine black border and broader pale-tan outer border • PM fine, black and sinuate • ST area variously concolorous with PM area (usually) or paler grey-brown
Range
Distributed from Nova Scotia (Ferguson, 1954) westward to Wisconsin (Forbes, 1954) and Missouri and southward to Georgia. Likely also occurs in northern Florida (Schmidt, 2010). Canada to Florida and Texas(1)
Habitat
coastal strand communities, shrubby fields, woodlands, and forest edges(1)
Season
flight period is from March to June depending on latitude and elevation (Schmidt, 2010)
Food
Larvae feed on Prunus species, including black cherry (Forbes, 1954), beach plum and willow oak(1)
Remarks
Zale lunifera was split into two species in 2010. The name "lunifera" applies to a species restricted to scrub oak barrens east and south of the Appalachians, while the common widespread species is now called Zale intenta.
See Also
Z. lunifera - Markings and coloration similar to Z. intenta, except smaller and AM has a more pronounced medial angle. The fine black striae is less developed and thinner. Small, black orbicular is distinct, sharply contrasting. ST area concolourous with medial area, never contrastingly paler with strong striae.

Print References
Walker, F, 1857. List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. 13: 1070.
Schmidt, B. Christian (2010) Taxonomic reassessment of Zale lunifera (Hübner) (Erebidae, Erebinae) ZooKeys 39: 99–106 (PDF download)
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group – images of live & pinned adults
BOLD Systems - images of pinned DNA supported specimens
Animal Diversity Web – images of live adults
Works Cited
1.Owlet Caterpillars of Eastern North America
David L. Wagner. 2011. Princeton University Press.