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Species Polistes carolina - Red Wasp

Polistes Carolina or Polistes Metricus? - Polistes carolina - female Polistes carolina - male - female Polistes, but...  Perplexed in S Carolina - Polistes carolina - male Red Wasp - Polistes carolina - male Red Wasp - Polistes carolina Wasp - Polistes carolina - male Paper Wasp - Polistes carolina Red Wasp - Lower Gena - Dorsal - Polistes carolina - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
Superfamily Vespoidea (Yellowjackets and Hornets, Paper Wasps; Potter, Mason and Pollen Wasps and allies)
Family Vespidae (Yellowjackets and Hornets, Paper Wasps; Potter, Mason and Pollen Wasps)
Subfamily Polistinae (Paper Wasps)
Genus Polistes (Paper Wasps)
Species carolina (Red Wasp)
Other Common Names
Red Paper Wasp
Explanation of Names
Polistes carolina (Linnaeus 1767)
Range
e. US (NY-FL to KS-e. TX); introduced to Bermuda(1)
Habitat
Woodlands
Season
Summer-fall
See Also
P. perplexus: very similar, distinguishing between the two requires a close look at the gena (character works only on females). P. carolina is shown below; see here(1)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Identification Atlas of the Vespidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata) of the Northeastern Nearctic Region
Matthias Buck, Stephen A. Marshall, and David K. B. Cheung. 2008. Biological Survey of Canada [Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification].