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Genus Trox - Hide Beetles

Trox sp - Trox tuberculatus - male Trox gemmulatus Trox frontera Vaurie - Trox frontera Trox Rough-winged beetle - Trox Dung Beetles - Trox Trox atrox Trogidae - Black Canyon Rd Campground - Jun 10, 2020 - Trox
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Trogidae (Hide Beetles)
Genus Trox (Hide Beetles)
Other Common Names
Skin Beetles
Explanation of Names
Trox Fabricius 1775
Greek τρωξ from τρωγειν 'gnaw'(1)
Numbers
24 spp. in our area(2)(3)(4), ~120 spp. (in 3 subgenera) total(5)
Size
3-12 mm
Identification
keys to spp. in(2)(6)(7)
Range
nearly cosmopolitan (80% of spp. in Eurasia & Africa), incl. most of NA(5)(7)(8)
Habitat
on owl pellets, carrion, hides, etc.
Food
skin, feathers, etc.
Life Cycle
Associated with bird nests, carrion, etc.
Works Cited
1.The Century Dictionary: an encyclopedic lexicon of the English language
2.A revision of the genus Trox in North America (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae)
Vaurie P. 1955. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 106: 1-89.
3.Two new species of Trox from Florida (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae)
Vaurie P., Howden H.F. 1957. American Museum novitates 1818: 1-6.
4.Trox paulseni (Coleoptera: Trogidae), a new species from Nebraska and Kansas, USA
Ratcliffe B. 2016. Insecta Mundi 0482: 1-6.
5.Checklist and bibliography of the Trogidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea)
Zidek J. 2013. Insecta Mundi 0314: 1-38.
6.Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.
7.The Scarabaeoid Beetles of Nebraska
Brett C. Ratcliffe & M.J. Paulsen. 2008. University of Nebraska State Museum, Vol 22, 570 pp.
8.New distribution records of North American Trox (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
Vaurie P. 1958. Col. Bull. 12: 43-46.