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Species Canthon pilularius - Canthon (Canthon) pilularius

Dung Beetles with Dung Ball - Canthon pilularius Dung Beetle - - Canthon pilularius Dung Beetle - Canthon pilularius Canthon pilularius?? - Canthon pilularius Common Tumblebug - Canthon pilularius - Canthon pilularius Common Tumblebug - Canthon pilularius - Canthon pilularius Canthon pilularius Canthon pilularius
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Scarabaeinae (Dung Beetles)
Tribe Canthonini
Genus Canthon (Tumblebugs)
No Taxon (subgenus Canthon)
Species pilularius (Canthon (Canthon) pilularius)
Other Common Names
Common tumblebug
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Orig Comb: Scarabaeus pilularius Linnaeus 1758
Canthon laevis Drury
Scarabaeus hudsonias Forster
Scarabaeus volvens Fabricius
Coprobius obtusidens Ziegler
Canthon viridescens Horn (green form, not uncommon in south) MCZ Type
Size
11-19 mm
Identification
A large Canthon, generally dull black, southern specimens often green, small eyes, not attracted to lights.
Range
e US to the Rockies
Habitat
Open areas with dung
Season
April-October in SC
Life Cycle
A dung roller. Dung balls are buried.
Remarks
Linnaeus (1758) described this sp. directly from Catesby's (1754) description.
See Also
Very similar to C. vigilans
Print References
Dillon, pp. 508, plate XLIX (1)
Harpootlian, pp. 12-14, figs. 14, 17 (2)
Arnett, p. 170, fig. 416--C. pilularius (3)
Papp, p. 182, fig. 624 (4)
Ratcliffe, p. 101--cited by Winds of Kansas, below [cite:4887]
Catesby, M. 1754. The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands: containing the figures of birds, beasts, fishes, serpents, insects, and plants. Vol I. Plate, Text
Internet References
Winds of Kansas--quotes Ratcliffe
NCSU Entomology Collection for the genus; 115 pinned (C. laevis), 5 pinned of "C. pilularius", now synonyms
Works Cited
1.A Manual of Common Beetles of Eastern North America
Dillon, Elizabeth S., and Dillon, Lawrence. 1961. Row, Peterson, and Company.
2.Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.
3.How to Know the Beetles
Ross H. Arnett, N. M. Downie, H. E. Jaques. 1980. Wm. C. Brown Publishers.
4.Introduction to North American Beetles
Charles S. Papp. 1984. Entomography Pubns.