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Tribe Culicini

 
 
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The 2012 West Nile encephalitis epidemic in Dallas, Texas.
By Chung et al.
JAMA, 310(3): 297-307., 2013
PubMed

Chung WM, Buseman CM, Joyner SN, Hughes SM, Fomby TB, Luby JP, Haley RW. (2013) The 2012 West Nile encephalitis epidemic in Dallas, Texas. JAMA, 310(3): 297-307.

Abstract
After progressive declines over recent years, in 2012 West Nile virus epidemics resurged nationwide, with the greatest number of cases centered in Dallas County, Texas.

RESULTS:
The investigation identified 173 cases of WNND, 225 of West Nile fever, 17 West Nile virus-positive blood donors, and 19 deaths in 2012. The incidence rate for WNND was 7.30 per 100,000 residents in 2012, compared with 2.91 per 100,000 in 2006, the largest previous Dallas County outbreak. An unusually rapid and early escalation of large numbers of human cases closely followed increasing infection trends in mosquitoes. The Cx quinquefasciatus species-specific vector index predicted the onset of symptoms among WNND cases 1 to 2 weeks later...

West Nile virus epidemics in North America are driven by shifts in mosquito feeding behavior.
By Kilpatrick et al.
PLoS Biol. 4(4): e82., 2006
Full Text

Kilpatrick AM, Kramer LD, Jones MJ, Marra PP, Daszak P. 2006. West Nile virus epidemics in North America are driven by shifts in mosquito feeding behavior. PLoS Biol. 4(4): e82.

Abstract
West Nile virus (WNV) has caused repeated large-scale human epidemics in North America since it was first detected in 1999 and is now the dominant vector-borne disease in this continent. Understanding the factors that determine the intensity of the spillover of this zoonotic pathogen from birds to humans (via mosquitoes) is a prerequisite for predicting and preventing human epidemics.

Culex nigripalpus: seasonal shift in the bird-mammal feeding ratio in a mosquito vector of human encephalitis.
By Edman JD, Taylor DJ.
Science 161(3836): 67-68., 1968
PubMed

Edman JD, Taylor DJ. 1968. Culex nigripalpus: seasonal shift in the bird-mammal feeding ratio in a mosquito vector of human encephalitis. Science 161(3836): 67-68.

Abstract
Blood-engorged Culex nigripalpus (Theob.) collected throughout the year in two Florida localities were serologically tested to determine the host range of this mosquito in nature. A proportional increase in feeding on mammals occurred in early summer, reached a maximum between July and October, and was followed by a shift back to avian hosts which dominated the feeding pattern during winter and spring.

Keys to the larvae of Texas mosquitoes with notes on recent synonymy. II. Key to general and to the species of the genus Culex L
By Breland, O.P.
The Texas journal of science 5(1): 114-119., 1953
Breland, O.P. 1953. Keys to the larvae of Texas mosquitoes with notes on recent synonymy. II. Key to general and to the species of the genus Culex Linnaeus. The Texas journal of science 5(1): 114-119.

The Mosquitoes of British Columbia
By Peter Belton
British Columbia Provincial Museum, Victoria BC, 1983
Handbook covering 46 mosquito species in 5 genera recorded in British Columbia at the time of publication. Includes illustrated keys to adults and larvae, text descriptions, and information on biology, habitat, distribution, control, and miscellaneous remarks.

Available online as 188pp PDF document but all pages are photocopies, so text cannot be searched. Author Peter Belton is a retired professor at Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC.

Evaluation of seasonal feeding patterns of West Nile virus vectors in Bernalillo Co., NM: implications for disease transmission.
By Lujan et al.
J Med Entomol. 51(1): 264-268., 2014
Lujan DA, Greenberg JA, Hung AS, Dimenna MA, Hofkin BV. 2014. Evaluation of seasonal feeding patterns of West Nile virus vectors in Bernalillo county, New Mexico, United States: implications for disease transmission. J Med Entomol. 51(1): 264-268.

Abstract
Many mosquito species take bloodmeals predominantly from either birds or mammals. Other mosquito species are less host-specific and feed readily on both. Furthermore, some species tend to alter their feeding patterns over the course of the year; early in the mosquito season such species may feed primarily on a particular host type, and subsequently take an increasingly larger proportion of their bloodmeals from an alternative host type as the season progresses.

Effect of temperature on life history traits during immature development of Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Culicidae)
By Grech et al.
Acta Tropica 146: 1-6., 2015
Full Abstract

Grech MG, Sartor PD, Almirón WR, Ludueña-Almeida FF. 2015. Effect of temperature on life history traits during immature development of Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) from Córdoba city, Argentina. Acta Tropica 146: 1-6.

Abstract (part)
Development times of all larval and pupal stages of Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus were significantly affected by the rearing temperatures, decreasing when temperature increased. Mean Ae. aegypti total (larva+pupa) development time ranged from 21.9 to 8.6 days, at 15.2 and 25.3°C, whereas, for [i]Cx.

Mosquitoes of the southeastern United States
By Nathan D. Burkett-Cadena
The University of Alabama Press. xiii + 188 pp., 2013
Google (Limited) Preview

Mosquitoes of the Southeastern United States is a full-color, highly illustrated guide to the sixty-four known species of mosquitoes in eleven genera that populate the Southeast [defined here as MS-n.FL-NC-TN]

This book’s usefulness to mosquito control programs in the Southeast and beyond cannot be overstated. Not only for native species, but for new species introduced from exotic locales, mosquitoes must be properly identified in order to know how best to control them. This volume will also be valuable to medical and public health specialists working on mosquito-borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue, yellow fever, West Nile virus, and filariasis.

 
 
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