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Tribe Protandrenini - Protandrenine Bees

Another Pseudopanurgus? - Pseudopanurgus Heterosarus - Pseudopanurgus - female Bee - Pseudopanurgus Shiny black flying insect - Pseudopanurgus fraterculus Lasioglossum? - Pseudopanurgus Bee ~0.5cm - Pseudopanurgus - male bee Unknown bee (male) - male
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
No Taxon (Apoidea (clade Anthophila) - Bees)
Family Andrenidae (Miner, Fairy, Allied Panurgine, and Oxaeine Bees)
Subfamily Panurginae (Panurgine Bees)
Tribe Protandrenini (Protandrenine Bees)
Explanation of Names
Protandrenini Robertson 1904
Type genus: Protandrena
94 spp. in 2 genera in our area, >400 spp. in 10 genera total(1)
small, some minute
New World, most genera and spp. neotropical(1)
Life Cycle
Print References
Neff J.L., Rozen J.G., Jr. (1995) Foraging and nesting biology of the bee Anthemurgus passiflorae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), descriptions of its immature stages, and observations on its floral host (Passifloraceae). Am. Mus. Nov. 3138: 19 pp.
Rozen J.G., Jr. (1989) Life history studies of the "primitive" panurgine bees (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae: Panurginae). Am. Mus. Nov. 2962: 27 pp.
Timberlake P.H. (1964) Some new species of Pseudopanurgus of the subgenus Heterosarus Robertson (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Am. Mus. Nov. 2185: 26 pp.
Timberlake P.H. (1967) New species of Pseudopanurgus from Arizona (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Am. Mus. Nov. 2298: 23 pp.
Timberlake P.H. (1969) Metapsaenythia, a new panurgine bee genus (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Ent. News 80: 89-92.
Timberlake P.H. (1973) Revision of the genus Pseudopanurgus of North America (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). UC Pub. Entomol. 72: 58 pp.
Timberlake P.H. (1975) The North American species of Heterosarus Robertson (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). UC Pub. Entomol 77: 56 pp.
Timberlake P.H. (1976) Revision of the North American bees of the genus Protandrena (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 102: 133-228.