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Tribe Protandrenini - Bare-miner or Protandrenine Bees

Bee - Pseudopanurgus aethiops - female Yellow-legged bee on chocolate flower - Pseudopanurgus aethiops - male bee 93 - Pseudopanurgus atricornis Mining Bee - Pseudopanurgus - male bee - Pseudopanurgus albitarsis - male - female Bee, I think?  Maybe wasp Shiny black flying insect - Pseudopanurgus fraterculus bee ? - Pseudopanurgus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
No Taxon (Anthophila (Apoidea) - Bees)
Family Andrenidae (Miner, Bare-miner, Fairy, and Oxaeine Bees)
Subfamily Panurginae (Panurgine Bees including Bare-Miner, Confluent-Miner, Fairy, and Calliopsine Bees)
Tribe Protandrenini (Bare-miner or Protandrenine Bees)
Explanation of Names
The type genus is Protandrena
Numbers
94 spp. in 2 genera in our area, >400 spp. in 10 genera worldwide/total(1)
Size
small and sometimes minute
Range
New World, most genera and spp. neotropical(1)
Print References
Neff, J. L., and J. G. Rozen, Jr. 1995. Foraging and nesting biology of the bee Anthemurgus passiflorae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), descriptions of its immature stages, and observations on its floral host (Passifloraceae). American Museum Novitates no. 3138: 19 pp.

Rozen, J. G., Jr. 1989. Life history studies of the "primitive" panurgine bees (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae: Panurginae). American Museum Novitates no. 2962: 27 pp.

Timberlake, P. H. 1964. Some new species of Pseudopanurgus of the subgenus Heterosarus Robertson (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). American Museum Novitates no. 2185: 26 pp.

Timberlake, P. H. 1967. New species of Pseudopanurgus from Arizona (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). American Museum Novitates no. 2298: 23 pp.

Timberlake, P. H. 1969. Metapsaenythia, a new panurgine bee genus (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Entomological News 80: 89-92.

Timberlake, P. H. 1973. Revision of the genus Pseudopanurgus of North America (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). University of California Publications in Entomology 72: 58 pp.

Timberlake, P. H. 1975. The North American species of Heterosarus Robertson (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). University of California Publications in Entomology 77: 56 pp.

Timberlake, P. H. 1976. Revision of the North American bees of the genus Protandrena (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 102: 133-228.