Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Tribe Protandrenini - Bare-miner or Protandrenine Bees

pair of small bees - Pseudopanurgus albitarsis - male - female Another Pseudopanurgus? - Pseudopanurgus - female Wasp - male Small mating wasps or bees? - Pseudopanurgus andrenoides - male - female Andrenidae, wing - Pseudopanurgus parvus - male Little bee or wasp - Pseudopanurgus aethiops - female Pseudopanurgus (rugosus) - Pseudopanurgus rugosus - female Central Texas bee (possibly Andrena) - Protandrena abdominalis
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
No Taxon (Anthophila (Apoidea) - Bees)
Family Andrenidae (Miner, Bare-miner, Fairy, and Oxaeine Bees)
Subfamily Panurginae (Panurgine Bees including Bare-Miner, Confluent-Miner, Fairy, and Calliopsine Bees)
Tribe Protandrenini (Bare-miner or Protandrenine Bees)
Explanation of Names
The type genus is Protandrena
94 spp. in 2 genera in our area, >400 spp. in 10 genera worldwide/total(1)
small and sometimes minute
New World, most genera and spp. neotropical(1)
Print References
Neff, J. L., and J. G. Rozen, Jr. 1995. Foraging and nesting biology of the bee Anthemurgus passiflorae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), descriptions of its immature stages, and observations on its floral host (Passifloraceae). American Museum Novitates no. 3138: 19 pp.

Rozen, J. G., Jr. 1989. Life history studies of the "primitive" panurgine bees (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae: Panurginae). American Museum Novitates no. 2962: 27 pp.

Timberlake, P. H. 1964. Some new species of Pseudopanurgus of the subgenus Heterosarus Robertson (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). American Museum Novitates no. 2185: 26 pp.

Timberlake, P. H. 1967. New species of Pseudopanurgus from Arizona (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). American Museum Novitates no. 2298: 23 pp.

Timberlake, P. H. 1969. Metapsaenythia, a new panurgine bee genus (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Entomological News 80: 89-92.

Timberlake, P. H. 1973. Revision of the genus Pseudopanurgus of North America (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). University of California Publications in Entomology 72: 58 pp.

Timberlake, P. H. 1975. The North American species of Heterosarus Robertson (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). University of California Publications in Entomology 77: 56 pp.

Timberlake, P. H. 1976. Revision of the North American bees of the genus Protandrena (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 102: 133-228.