Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Subgenus Anthidium, Typical Woolcarder Bees


California Bees & Blooms: A Guide for Gardeners and Naturalists
By Gordon G. Frankie, Robbin W. Thorp, Rollin E. Coville, Barbara Ertter
Heyday (in collaboration with the California Native Plant Society), Berkeley, California, 2014
Info on this book, its focus, and its authors, can be found at this Univ. of Calif. Extension link.

The book, including index, is 294 pages. The initial 8 chapters (126 pp.) focus on ecology, natural history, and family-by-family profiles of California bee taxa. Chapter 9 (pp. 127-144) addresses flowers and their relationship to bees. The remainder of the book focuses how to make home and other gardens more bee friendly to promote healthy and diverse urban/suburban bee populations. There are many fine photos.

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A taxonomic key to mature larvae of cleptoparasitic bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea)
By Rozen J.G., Jr.
Am. Mus. Novitates 309: 1-27, 2001

Principal sunflower bees of North America with emphasis on the southwestern United States
By Hurd P.D., LaBerge W.E., Linsley E.G.
Smiths. Contr. Zool. 310, 1980
Full text (87MB)

Bees of the eastern United States
By Mitchell T.B.
Tech. Bull. (NC Agric. Exp. Sta.): No. 141 (538 pp.), 1960; and No. 152 (557 pp.), 1962
Full text (in 8 PDF files)

The bee genera of Eastern Canada
By L. Packer, J.A. Genaro, C.S. Sheffield
Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification 3, 2007

The bees of Colorado (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila)
By V.L. Scott, J.S. Ascher, T. Griswold, C.R. Nufio
Natural History Inventory of Colorado 23: vi+100 pp., 2011
Full text
List of ~950 spp. in 66 genera with county-level records

Bees of the World
By C. O'Toole & A. Raw
Blandford. 192 pp., 1999

Bees of Wisconsin (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila)
By A.T. Wolf & J.S. Ascher
The Great Lakes Entomologist 41: 129-168, 2009