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Species Proteoteras crescentana - Black-crescent Proteoteras - Hodges#3233

Black-crescent Proteoteras - Proteoteras crescentana Black-crescent Proteoteras - Proteoteras crescentana Tortricidae: Proteoteras crescentana? - Proteoteras crescentana Black-crescent Proteoteras - Proteoteras crescentana Black-crescent Proteoteras - Hodges#3233 - Proteoteras crescentana Black-crescent Proteoteras - Proteoteras crescentana Moth - Proteoteras crescentana Moth - Proteoteras crescentana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Eucosmini
Genus Proteoteras
Species crescentana (Black-crescent Proteoteras - Hodges#3233)
Hodges Number
3233
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Proteoteras crescentana Kearfott, 1907 (1)
Phylogenetic sequence #621136
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet crescentana for the "very strong, well defined black crescent" on the forewings. (1)
Numbers
There are eight species of the genus listed for America north of Mexico. (2)
Size
Heinrich (1923) listed the wingspan 16-19 mm. (3)
Identification
Adult: forewing light to medium brown with conspicuous blackish crescent-shaped marking that begins midway along costa and terminates at apex; marking is very heavy from costa inward to middle of wing, then bends smoothly toward outer margin and becomes thinner as it runs in a fairly straight line to the apex; dark gray shading in upper basal area separated from crescent-shaped marking by pale oblique area along costa; area along inner margin often paler and with diffuse yellowish shading; short oblique streaks along distal half of costa [typical of many species of Tortricidae] are reduced or absent in P. crescentana; hindwing grayish-brown with darker veins.
Specimen identified by DNA analysis (BOLD). (4)
Range
Ontario and northeastern states south to at least Maryland, west to Texas(5) and Colorado(6), north to Alberta.
Holotype from Plummer Island, Maryland. (3)
Beadle & Leckie (2012) listed for the N.E. (7)
Described material: Iowa (Gillette); west Manitoba; Kansas; Cincinnati, OH (Miss Braun, June 17th); Plummer's Island, MD (A. Busck, June); Elk Grove, IL (McElhose(8), June 25th).
Habitat
Woodlands, parks, suburban areas containing Boxelder; adults are nocturnal and attracted to light.
Season
The main flight period is April to July.
Food
Heinrich (1923) reported the larvae feed on Acer negundo (box elder). (3)
See Also
Proteoteras moffatiana forewing is usually greenish in live individuals, and has an irregular crescent-shaped marking that terminates in a dark blob before reaching the apex.
P. aesculana and P. obnigrana forewings also have irregular crescent-shaped markings that are usually broken and terminate in a blob before reaching the apex
Print References
Gilligan, Wright & Gibson, 2008. Olethreutine Moths of the Midwestern United States. Ohio Biological Survey, p. 136.212. (9)
Heinrich, C. 1923. Revision of the North American moths of the subfamily Eucosminae of the family Olethreutidae. United States National Museum Bulletin, 123. p. 167. (3)
Kearfott, W.D. 1907. New North American Tortricidae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 33(1). p. 49. (1)
Works Cited
1.New North American Tortricidae.
William Dunham Kearfott. 1907. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 33(1): 1-97.
2.North American Moth Photographers Group
3.Revision of the North American moths of the subfamily Eucosminae of the family Olethreutidae
Carl Heinrich. 1923. United States National Museum Bulletin 123: 1-298.
4.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems
5.Moths of Brackenridge Field Laboratory University of Texas at Austin
6. Moths of Rocky Mountain National Park (USGS)
7.Peterson Field Guide to Moths of Northeastern North America
David Beadle and Seabrooke Leckie. 2012. Houghton Mifflin.
8.Contributions to American lepidopterology - No. 6.
Brackenridge Clemens. 1860. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 12: 345-362.
9.Olethreutine Moths of the Midwestern United States, An Identification Guide
Gilligan, Todd M., Donald J. Wright, and Loran D. Gibson. 2008. Ohio Biological Survey, P.O. Box 21370, Columbus, Ohio 43221-0370.
10.University of Alberta Entomology Collection