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Species Steniodes mendica - Hodges#5178

 5178 – Steniodes mendica - Steniodes mendica Moth IMG_0546 - Steniodes mendica
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea (Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths)
Family Crambidae (Crambid Snout Moths)
Subfamily Spilomelinae
Genus Steniodes
Species mendica (Steniodes mendica - Hodges#5178 )
Hodges Number
5178
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Steniodes mendica (von Hedemann, 1894)
Heringia mendica Hedemann, 1894
Stenia declivalis var. indianalis Dyar, 1914 (1)
Stenia ceddalis Schaus, 1924
Numbers
Steniodes mendica is the only member of the genus in America north of Mexico. (2)
Size
Wingspan about 12 mm.
Identification
Dyar 1914 (1) in his description of Stenia declivalis, now Steniodes declivalis, notes, “… the whitish outer line of hind wing distinct, sharply angled, touching the outer margin in its outmost angle, not rounded, indistinct, not more or less withdrawn from the margin as it is in gellialis from Brazil.” He goes on to describe Stenia declivalis var. indianalis, which was later synonymized with Steniodes mendica, saying that it’s similar but with less discernible markings and a more pale hindwing. Also see Schaus, W. 1924 in Print References below.
Google translation of Hedemann, 1894: 294:
"34. Mendica n. Sp. A dark-skinned animal. Size, coloring and wing shape like Minoralis Sn.
Palps dark brown at the top and sides, snow-white below. Front legs light brownish, the brush of the rails yellowish brownish. The other pairs of legs turned yellowish gray, their thighs and rails more or less brownish. Head and thorax brown-gray, body a little lighter.
Front wing dark brown-gray. A large, round, darker middle flaw hardly emerges from the base color, any more than the very indistinct first streak. The second is lighter than the base color, yellowish, inwardly finely darkened. It forms a yellow spot on the front edge, as in the case of the minoralis, runs in the lower half as in this case, but is straight in the fore-edge half and forms a small arch against the root only on rib 5. The slightly brighter hem line does not appear as sharp as in the minoris. Fringes greyish brown, with a barely noticeable darker dividing line.
Hind wings slightly lighter than the front ones. The hem finely darker, fringes gray with a darker division line, which weakens from the front margin to rib 1 rather strongly, from there to the inner angle. In a ♀ there is an indication of the rear transverse line. The hind wings of the other copies are unpainted.
Underside of all wings light brownish gray.
The animal does not seem to be rare on both islands and likes to come to the light. But it is easily injured by the flight, as we received only 2 very good copies of some 20 pieces."
Range
Heppner (2003) listed the range to include Florida to Texas(3); West Indies; Mexico. (4), (5)
Moth Photographers Group includes Georgia. (2)
Season
Heppner (2003) reported January to December in Florida. (5)
Food
Heppner (2003) reported the host was unknown. (5)
Print References
Dyar, 1914: 285-286 (description of Stenia declivalis var. indianalis). (1)
Hedemann, 1894. Stett. Ent. Ztg. 55: 293.
Schaus, W. 1924 New species of Pyralidae of the subfamily Nymphulinae from tropical America ( Lepid.). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 26(5): 124 (description of Stenia ceddalis)