This is a polymorphic taxon represented in the USA by two subspecies.
"Western Group" is representative of Battus polydamas polydamas
found in Texas, Central America and much of South America.
"Eastern Group" is represented by Battus polydamas lucayus
found in Florida & the Bahamas.
There may be occasional gene flow across the Gulf States, however, the populations seem to retain identity.
Wing span: 3 1/2 - 4 1/2 inches (9 - 12 cm).(1)
Lacks tails. Black above with submarginal yellow band.(1)
Larva somewhat similar to Pipevine Swallowtail, but spines are orange and body marked with stripes
s TX, peninsular FL / W. Indies / south to Argentina. Strays north to Kentucky and Missouri - Map
Open woods, abandoned fields, disturbed areas.(1)
Two-3 flights from April-November.(1)
Caterpillar hosts: Pipevines (Aristolochia species).
Adult food: Nectar of lantana. Occasionally seen feeding on honeysuckle and soapweed flowers.(1)
Female lays eggs in groups of 10-14 on exposed new stems or growing tips of vines. Caterpillars feed in groups when young. Overwinter as chrysalids.(1)
(larva) is somewhat similar in shape and coloration, especially in earlier instars. Both feed on Aristolochia