Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Discussion of 2018 gathering

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa

Photos from the 2010 Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa

Photos from the 2009 gathering in Washington

TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Order Neuroptera - Antlions, Owlflies, Lacewings, Mantidflies and Allies

Owlfly Adult - Ascaloptynx appendiculata Lacewing Larva Mantisfly - Zeugomantispa minuta lacewing larva Antlion - Clathroneuria coquilletti Leucochrysa insularis Owlfly - Ululodes macleayanus Antlion - Mexoleon papago - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Neuroptera (Antlions, Owlflies, Lacewings, Mantidflies and Allies)
Other Common Names
net-winged insects, lacewings
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
=Planipennia
Neuroptera used to be treated by some workers in a broader sense, to include Planipennia (lacewings, antlions, owlflies, etc.), Megaloptera (alderflies, dobsonflies, fishflies), and Raphidioptera/Raphidiodea (snakeflies). Currently these groups are treated as three separate orders of the superorder Neuropterida
Explanation of Names
Greek neuro 'net' + pteron 'wing'(1)
Numbers
Largest order of the Neuropterida, with at least 11 major families, 4670 spp. worldwide and 338 in our area(2) (there are ca. 400 spp. of Neuropterida in our area(3))
72 spp. in 24 genera of 8 families in BC (Scudder & Cannings 2008)
Overview of our fauna (* = taxa not yet in the guide):
Order Neuroptera
Family Ascalaphidae

SUBORDER HEMEROBIIFORMIA
Family Chrysopidae
Subfamily Chrysopinae
Family Hemerobiidae
Subfamily Microminae Micromus
Family Mantispidae
Subfamily Symphrasinae Plega
Size
Typically 10-40 mm, some up to 80 mm
Identification
Superorder Neuropterida:
Four membranous wings: FW and HW about same size or HW a little wider at base;
wings usually held rooflike over body at rest; wings generally with many veins:
    
Antennae long, many-segmented, threadlike, pectinate or clubbed. Some examples:
    
Tarsi 5-segmented
Cerci absent
Mouthparts chewing
Some groups with simple eyes (ocelli), others without--useful in distinguishing families
Complete metamorphosis

Order Neuroptera:
Forewings and hindwings similar in size and shape
Prothorax not lengthened, except in Mantispidae
Larvae terrestrial, except in Sisyridae
Food
larvae, and often adults, predaceous
Life Cycle
Neuropterida: Larvae campodeiform (crawler), mandibles usually large. Majority terrestrial but a few aquatic. Larvae usually predaceous. Pupation usually occurs in a silken cocoon.
Neuroptera: Larvae terrestrial, except in the Sisyridae. Typical life cycle:
Remarks
Many are valuable natural enemies of pests, esp. aphids and some other homopterans
Internet References
(4)(5)(6)