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Order Neuroptera - Antlions, Lacewings, and Allies

Green Lacewing - Chrysopa quadripunctata Green Lacewing - Chrysoperla rufilabris Mantidfly - Dicromantispa sayi - male golden-eyed lacewing - Chrysopa oculata Climaciella brunnea, Arkansas - Climaciella brunnea unknown - Chrysoperla Hemerobiidae/Sisyridae? - Hemerobius Ant Lion Adult - Glenurus gratus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Neuroptera (Antlions, Lacewings, and Allies)
Other Common Names
Net-winged Insects, Lacewings
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Neuroptera used to be treated by some workers in a broader sense, to include Planipennia (lacewings, antlions, owlflies, etc.), Megaloptera (alderflies, dobsonflies, fishflies), and Raphidioptera/Raphidiodea (snakeflies). Currently these groups are treated as three separate orders of the superorder Neuropterida
latest in higher taxonomy in (1)
Explanation of Names
Neuroptera Linnaeus 1758
Greek neuro- (νεῦρον-), 'veined' + Latin ptera, 'wing'
Largest order of the Neuropterida,* with 16 families(1), ~5500 spp. worldwide and 338 in our area(2) [*~400 spp. of Neuropterida in our area(3)]
72 spp. in 24 genera of 8 families in BC (Scudder & Cannings 2008)
Overview of our fauna (* = taxa not yet in the guide):
Order Neuroptera
Family Ascalaphidae

Family Chrysopidae
Subfamily Chrysopinae
Family Hemerobiidae
Subfamily Microminae Micromus
Family Mantispidae
Subfamily Symphrasinae Plega
3-80 mm
Superorder Neuropterida:
Four membranous wings: FW and HW about same size or HW a little wider at base;
wings usually held rooflike over body at rest; wings generally with many veins:
Antennae long, many-segmented, threadlike, pectinate or clubbed. Some examples:
Tarsi 5-segmented
Cerci absent
Mouthparts chewing
Some groups with simple eyes (ocelli), others without--useful in distinguishing families
Complete metamorphosis

Order Neuroptera:
Forewings and hindwings similar in size and shape
Prothorax not lengthened, except in Mantispidae
Larvae terrestrial, except in Sisyridae
larvae, and often adults, predaceous
Life Cycle
Neuropterida: Larvae campodeiform (crawler), mandibles usually large. Majority terrestrial but a few aquatic. Larvae usually predaceous. Pupation usually occurs in a silken cocoon.
Neuroptera: Larvae terrestrial, except in the Sisyridae. Typical life cycle:
Many are valuable natural enemies of pests, esp. aphids and some other homopterans
Internet References