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Tribe Synergini - Oak Inquiline Gall Wasps

Oak galls from Ontario - Synergus - female Cynipid from Acraspis pezomachoides gall - Synergus - male red oak gall wasp - Synergus lignicola Wasp - Synergus - female Wasp - Synergus - female Wasp - Synergus - female Tiny wasp with red head - another cynipid? - Synergus Cynipidae? - Synergus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" - Parasitoid Wasps)
Superfamily Cynipoidea
Family Cynipidae (Gall Wasps)
Tribe Synergini (Oak Inquiline Gall Wasps)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Synerginae Ashmead, 1896
"The tribe Synergini, which used to include all the familiar Northern Hemisphere inquilines, is narrowed down here to include only the inquilines associated with Fagaceae, plus the afrotropical Rhoophilus, which is an inquiline in galls on Rhus. There is strong molecular evidence for the monophyly of this clade. The genus Ceroptres is moved to its own tribe, while Periclistus and Synophromorpha are transferred to the tribe Diastrophini." (1)
8 genera (Agastoroxenia, Lithonecrus, Lithosaphonecrus, Rhoophilus, Saphonecrus, Synophrus, Synergus, Ufo); about 180 species worldwide (1)
Inquilines (rarely true gall inducers) in cynipid galls on several Fagaceae genera, mainly Quercus (1).