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Tribe Cynipini - Oak Gall Wasps

twig gall on shingle oak - Callirhytis quercuspunctata Disholcaspis prehensa? - Disholcaspis prehensa Andricus brunneus gall on oak leaf - Andricus nigricens Eggs on Oak Leaf? - Acraspis Oak Galls Small Black Gall on Quercus bicolor - Disholcaspis quercusmamma - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" - Parasitoid Wasps)
Superfamily Cynipoidea
Family Cynipidae (Gall Wasps)
Tribe Cynipini (Oak Gall Wasps)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Cynipsera Latreille, 1802
Numbers
34 genera and about 1000 species worldwide (1).
Remarks
Gallers on Fagaceae (Quercus, Castanea, Chrysolepis, Lithocarpus. (1)
Print References
George Melika and Warren G. Abrahamson. 2002. Review of the world genera of oak cynipid wasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae, Cynipini). Parasitic Wasps Evolution Systematics Biodiversity and Biological Control 42(1):150-190. (2)
Doutt, R.L. (1959) Heterogeny in Dryocosmus (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 52: 69-74.
Doutt, R.L. (1960) Heterogeny in Andricus crystallinus Bassett (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 36: 167-170. (Full Text)
Evans, D. (1967) The bisexual and agamic generations of Besbicus mirabilis (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae), and their associate insects. The Canadian Entomologist 99: 187-196.
Evans, D. (1972) Alternate generations of gall cynipids (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) on Garry oak. The Canadian Entomologist 104: 1805-1818.
Lyon, R.J. (1959) An alternating, sexual generation in the gall wasp Callirhytis pomiformis (Ashm.) (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae). Bulletin of the California Academy of Sciences 58: 33-37.
Lyon, R.J. (1963) The alternate generation of Heteroecus pacificus (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 65: 250-254. (Full Text)
Lyon, R.J. (1964) The alternate generation of Callirhytis agrifoliae (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea).Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 66: 193-196. (Full Text)
Lyon, R.J. (1969) The alternate generation of Callirhytis quercussuttonii (Bassett) (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 71: 61-65. (Full Text)
Lyon, R.J. (1970) Heterogeny in Callirhytis serricornis (Kinsey) (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 72: 176-178. (Full Text)
Lyon, R.J. (1984) New Cynipid Wasps from California (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 60(4): 289-296. (Full Text)
Internet References
See Gallformers.org for a filterable key to galls induced by members of this tribe on oaks in North America (as well as galls found on oaks induced by other organisms).
Works Cited
1.Phylogeny, Evolution and Classification of Gall Wasps: The Plot Thickens
2.Review of the world genera of oak cynipid wasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae, Cynipini)
George Melika and Warren G. Abrahamson. 2002. Parasitic Wasps Evolution Systematics Biodiversity and Biological Control 42(1):150-190.