Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Genus Pilophorus

Pilophorus bug - Pilophorus Pilophorus walshii Pilophorus laetus Pilophorus laetus Miridae, lateral - Pilophorus juniperi White-lined plant bug - Pilophorus Pilophorus discretus - female Pilophorus  - Pilophorus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Superfamily Miroidea
Family Miridae (Plant Bugs)
Subfamily Phylinae
Tribe Pilophorini
Genus Pilophorus
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Alepidia Reuter 1909
Pilophorus is also a genus of lichen
Explanation of Names
Pilophorus Hahn 1826
Numbers
43 species in North America(1)
Size
2-4 mm
Identification
small dark-colored bugs, usually slightly constricted in middle of body, and wider at both ends; middle region often brightly colored orange or red with white markings
"Sericeous scalelike setae on dorsum arranged in patches on scutellum and usually as transverse bands on the hemelytra, those on thoracic pleuron aggregated in an elongate patch on the posterior margin of mesepimeron and a tiny patch on the posterior margin of the metepisternum, and usually with a patch anterolaterally on abdominal venter"(1)
Range
throughout the US and so. Canada; Eurasia
Habitat
on many broad-leaved and coniferous trees; often host-specific, according to plant host specificity of the prey
Season
adults May-Sep
Food
most (all?) species are at least in part predaceous, esp. on aphids and other homopterans; plant host specificity may be influenced by the host specificity of the prey(1)
Remarks
Schuh & Sschwartz(1) divided the genus Pilophorus into 7 species groups (P. buenoi is unassigned):
1. Pilophorus furvus species group
species: furvus, heidemanni, nasicus


2. Pilophorus juniperi species group
species: juniperi, laetus


3. Pilophorus amoenus species group


4. Pilophorus crassipes species group
species: crassipes, henryi, taxodii, tibialis


5. Pilophorus americanus species group
species: americanus, concolor, diffusus, uhleri

6. Pilophorus exiguus species group
species: cembroides, clavicornis, dislocatus, exiguus, floridanus, fuscipennis, geminus, gracilis, stonedahli


7. Pilophorus clavatus species group
species: balli, brunneus, chiricahuae, clavatus, discretus, explanatus, longisetosus, minutus, neoclavatus, nevadensis, perplexus, salicis, schwarzi, setiger, tomentosus, vicarius, walshii


8. Species incertae sedis
species: buenoi
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Revision of the New World Pilophorini (Heteroptera, Miridae, Phylinae)
Randall T. Schuh & Michael D. Schwartz. 1988. American Museum of Natural History.
2.Miridae North America (Discover Life's IDnature guide)