Species Catocala relicta - White Underwing - Hodges#8803
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Genus Catocala (Underwings)
Species relicta (White Underwing - Hodges#8803)
Other Common Names
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Walker,  (1)
Hy. Edwards, 1880 (7)
Hy. Edwards, 1880 (7)
Behrens, 1887 (199
Beutenmüller, 1903 (8)
Meyer, 1952 (9)
Phylogenetic sequence #930795
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet from Latin
meaning "abandoned, relinquished, widowed."
named for Emil Fischer
(1868-1954), who conducted temperature experiments on lepidoptera producing aberrations. The name is not included in the Gall & Hawks (2010) checklist (6)
presumably because it's a experimental lab-reared aberration created under certain temperature and oxygen levels. (9)
Black and white bands on hindwing distinctive. Forewing variable, white to gray. Thoracic area dark, as opposed to Sappho Underwing, which is white there. White Underwing is northern.
Northeastern North America: Newfoundland to Pennsylvania, south to Missouri. In the west: south to central California, Arizona and New Mexico (11)
Moth Photographers Group
- large range map with collection dates.
Lectotype male: Middle Sates [USA]. (12)
Adults are most common from July to October.
Larvae feed on mainly on quaking aspen but also balsam poplar, willow and white birch. (10)
1)larva 2)adult 3)spend pupal casing
Barnes, Wm. & J.H. McDunnough, 1918. Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. Memoirs of the AMNH
, f.9-13; Pl.13
, f.14 (larva). (5)
Covell, p. 308, plate 35 #9 (13)
Powell, J.A., and P.A. Opler 2009. Moths of Western North America
. University of California Press, p. 262, plate 45, fig. 6. (11)
Walker, F., 1857. List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part XIII - Noctuidae. British Museum (Natural History)
|2.||On the North American species of Catocala.|
Augustus Radcliffe Grote. 1872. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 4: 1-20.
|3.||On species of Catocala|
A. R. Grote. 1876. The Canadian Entomologist, 8(12): 229-232.
|4.||The genus Catocala.|
George. D. Hulst. 1884. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 7(1): 14-56.
|5.||Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. |
William Barnes, James Halliday McDunnough. 1918. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1).
|7.||Notes upon the genus Catocala, with descriptions of new varieties and species.|
Henry Edwards. 1880. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 3(7): 53-62.
|8.||Notes on some species of Catocala.|
William Beutenmüller . 1903. Bulletin of the AMNH, 19(19): 505-510.
|9.||Eine neue Form der amerikanischen Catocala relicta Walker.|
J. Hermann Meyer. 1952. Zeitschrift der Wiener Entomologischen Gesellschaft 37: 7–10.
|11.||Moths of Western North America|
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
|12.||Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). III.|
Gall, Lawrence F. & David C. Hawks. 2002. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 56(4): 234-264.
|13.||Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths|
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.