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Species Aphis nerii - Oleander Aphid

Eggs? - Aphis nerii Oleander aphids - Aphis nerii Winged Aphid - Aphis nerii mini orange insects - newly born ? - Aphis nerii Aphis nerii Aphid - Aphis nerii Aphididae - Aphis nerii army on the attack - Aphis nerii
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Sternorrhyncha (Plant-parasitic Hemipterans)
Superfamily Aphidoidea
Family Aphididae (Aphids)
Subfamily Aphidinae
Tribe Aphidini
Subtribe Aphidina
Genus Aphis
No Taxon (Subgenus Aphis)
Species nerii (Oleander Aphid)
Other Common Names
Milkweed Aphid
Explanation of Names
Aphis nerii Boyer de Fonscolombe 1841
nerii "of Nerium, i.e. oleander"
1.5-2.6 mm
Yellow-orange with black cornicles, legs and antennae. Alates have pigmented thorax.
1. Adult. 2. Winged form. 3 Adults and immatures. 4. Heavy infestation. 5 and 6. Parasitized "mummies"
native to the Mediterranean, now cosmopolitan, introduced to NA with its host, Nerium oleander, now widespread
Feed on the sap of plants in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae, including milkweeds (formerly in their own family, the Asclepiadaceae). Best-known hosts: Oleander, Milkweed, and Vinca. Altogether it is known to feed on 16 plant families, such as Crassulaceae, Solanaceae, Asteraceae, Convolvulaceae, and Euphorbiaceae.
Broad specialist with >50 hosts across many genera and feeds in highly aggregated populations (Züst & Agrawal 2016)
Life Cycle
NA populations are parthenogenetic
Aphis nerii pick up deadly cardiac glycosides from the host plant, deposit them in their bodies, and exuded as part of cornicle secretions. Larvae of lacewings and lady beetles that feed on A. nerii may have problems pupating and emerge with deformities (especially of the wings) or fail to emerge.
They are also attacked by syrphid flies and parasitic wasps.
They have been implicated in the transmission of at least 4 plant viruses.
Print References
Internet References
Fact sheets: McAuslane (2017)(2)UCI