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Species Digitonthophagus gazella - Gazelle Scarab

BG2547 E1030 - Digitonthophagus gazella Scarab... - Digitonthophagus gazella Digitonthophagus gazella male? - Digitonthophagus gazella Beetle ID Request - Digitonthophagus gazella Onthophagini? - Digitonthophagus gazella Scarab Beetle - Digitonthophagus gazella - female Gazelle Scarab? - Digitonthophagus gazella - female Gazelle Scarab - Digitonthophagus gazella - male
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Scarabaeinae (Dung Beetles)
Tribe Onthophagini
Genus Digitonthophagus
Species gazella (Gazelle Scarab)
Other Common Names
Brown Dung Beetle
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Digitonthophagus gazella (Fabricius)
Orig. Comb: Scarabaeus gazella Fabricius 1787
Syn: Onthophagus gazella (Fabricius)
10-13 mm
brown elytra often has cloudy markings, male with two short horns.
Distinctive femora:

se US to AZ (AZ-FL-NC-OK) (BG data)
Of Indoafrican origin, intentionally introduced into Texas for dung control in the 1970, and it's now, perhaps, the most widespread dung beetle in tropical and subtropical pastures. (Noriega et al. 2010)
uncommon north of South Carolina (1)
Apr-Oct (BG data)
Life Cycle
Larvae feed on dung.
Pupa: ♂
Print References
Fincher, G.T., T.B. Stewart & J.S. Hunter III. 1983. The 1981 distribution of Onthophagus gazella Fabricius from releases in Texas and Onthophagus taurus Schreber from an unknown release in Florida (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). The Coleopterists Bulletin, 37: 159-163.
Noriega, J.A., F.G. Horgan, T.H. Larsen & G. Valencia. 2010. Records of an invasive dung beetle species, Digitonthophagus gazella (Fabricius, 1787) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), in Peru. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 26(2): 451-456. Full PDF
Mantissa Insectorum p.377 - Fabricius' original description (in Latin)
Works Cited
1.Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.