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Genus Zodion

Conopid - Zodion Zodion Flies - Zodion - male - female Conopid - Zodion fly - Zodion Fly 438A 8151 & 8156 & 8157 & 8158 - Zodion Zodion fulvifrons? - Zodion thick-headed fly - Zodion
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Acalyptratae")
Superfamily Sciomyzoidea
Family Conopidae (Thick-headed Flies)
Subfamily Myopinae
Genus Zodion
Explanation of Names
Zodion Latreille 1796
Numbers
14 spp. in our area(1)(2)
Identification
Key characters(3):
Head: Bristle-like arista positioned dorsally on flagellomere 1 (=3rd antennomere). Ocelli present. Proboscis bent only once near base, distal portion pointing forward. Palpus short.
Abdomen not noticeably constricted basally, terminal segments incurved downward and forward. Females with a short terminal ovipositor and a pad-like process (theca) below sternite 5.
Legs: Femora without spines ventrally.
Wings: Anal cell ("cup") long, much longer than 2nd basal cell ("bm"). Cell r4+5 short petiolate or open. (For terminology, see the wing diagram for the related genus Dalmannia)
Remarks
Key to North American species in Camras (1944). Key to California species in(4)
Zodion species are parasitic on bumblebee workers, honey bees, Andrena, Nomia melanderi, and Metallic Green Bees Agapostemon(5)
Print References
Banks N. (1916) Synopses of Zodion and Myopa with notes on other Conopidae. Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 9: 191-200 (Full text)
Camras S. (1943) Notes on the North American species of the Zodion obliquefasciatum group (Diptera: Conopidae). Ent. News 54: 187-191 (Full text)
Camras S. (1944) Notes on the North American species of the Zodion fulvifrons group (Diptera: Conopidae). Pan-Pacif. Ent. 20: 121-128.
Freeman B.A. (1968) Status of Zodion zebrinum, Z. auricaudatum, and Z. albonotatum (Diptera: Conopidae). Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 61: 276-278.
Howell J.F. (1961) Biology of Zodion obliquefasciatum (Macq.) (Diptera: Conopidae). Bull. Wash. agric. Exp. Stn 51: 1-33.
Parsons C.T. (1948) A classification of North American Conopidae. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 41: 223-246 (Full text)
Severin H.C. (1931) Zodion fulvifrons Say, a parasite of the honey bee. Ent. News 48: 243-244. (Full text)
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.A Catalog of the Diptera of America North of Mexico
Alan Stone, et al. 1965. United States Department of Agriculture.
3.Manual of Nearctic Diptera Volume 2
Varies for each chapter; edited by J.F. McAlpine, B.V. Petersen, G.E. Shewell, H.J. Teskey, J.R. Vockeroth, D.M. Wood. 1987. Research Branch Agriculture Canada.
4.The Conopid Flies of California
Sidney Camras and Paul D. Hurd, Jr. 1957. University of California Press.
5.Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico
Karl V. Krombein, Paul D. Hurd, Jr., David R. Smith, and B. D. Burks. 1979. Smithsonian Institution Press.