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Species Eucopina sonomana - Western Pine Shoot Borer Moth - Hodges#3065

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Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Eucosmini
Genus Eucopina
Species sonomana (Western Pine Shoot Borer Moth - Hodges#3065)
Hodges Number
3065
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Eucopina sonomana (Kearfott, 1907) (1)
Eucosma sonomana Kearfott, 1907 (2)
Phylogenetic sequence #621052
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet for Sonoma County, California, where some of the first specimens were collected. (2)
Size
Forewing length 8-11 mm. (3), (4)
Identification
Heinrich (1923) revised description is available in PDF. (4)
Range
California to Colorado and north to British Columbia.
Habitat
Eucopina sonomana is found in close association with the host trees listed below.
Season
Adults fly from early January to May along coastal California and from May to June further inland. (3)
Food
Larval hosts. (3), (5)
Pinus muricata D. Don (Bishop pine).
P. pondersosa Lawson & C. Lawson (Ponderosa pine).
P. contorta Douglas ex Loudon (Lodgepole pine).
Picea engelmanni Parry ex Engelm. (Engelmann spruce).
Pinus jeffreyi Balf. (Jeffrey pine).
Life Cycle
The larva bore into the pith of the terminal branches. (4)
There are many publications online with detailed life cycle notes.
Remarks
Considered a serious forest pest. There are many publications online with information about control of the species.
See Also
Compare to others on the pinned plates of Moth Photographers Group.
Print References
Gilligan, T.M., Wright, D.J., Munz, J., Yakobson, K. & M.P. Simmons, 2014. Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of Eucosma (Hübner) and related genera (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Eucosmini). Systematic Entomology 39(1): 61. (1)
Heinrich, C., 1923. Revision of the North American moths of the subfamily Eucosminae of the family Olethreutidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 123: 103. (4)
Kearfott, W.D., 1907. New North American Tortricidae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 33(1): 27. (2)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler, 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press, pl. 15, fig. 8; p. 133. (3)
Works Cited
1.Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of Eucosma (Hübner) and related genera (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Eucosmini)
Todd M. Gilligan, Donald J. Wright, Jacob Munz, Kendra Yakobson, Mark P. Simmons. 2014. Systematic Entomology, 39(1): 49–67.
2.New North American Tortricidae.
William Dunham Kearfott. 1907. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 33(1): 1-97.
3.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
4.Revision of the North American moths of the subfamily Eucosminae of the family Olethreutidae
Carl Heinrich. 1923. United States National Museum Bulletin 123: 1-298.
5.Pheromone-based disruption of Eucosma sonomana and Rhyacionia zozana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) .
Nancy E. Gillette, John D. Stein, Donald R. Owen, Jeffrey N. Webster, and Sylvia R. Mori. 2006. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36: 361–368.
6.North American Moth Photographers Group
7.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems