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Species Sophonia orientalis - Two-spotted Leafhopper

Two-spotted Leafhopper - Sophonia orientalis Two-spotted Leafhopper - Sophonia orientalis Sophonia orientalis Sophonia orientalis nymph - Sophonia orientalis Sophonia orientalis adult - Sophonia orientalis Sophonia orientalis Sophonia orientalis Sophonia orientalis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (Free-living Hemipterans)
Superfamily Cicadoidea (Cicadas, Leafhoppers, and Treehoppers)
Family Cicadellidae (Leafhoppers)
Subfamily Evacanthinae
Genus Sophonia
Species orientalis (Two-spotted Leafhopper)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
=Sophonia rufofascia (Kuoh & Kuoh)
Explanation of Names
Sophonia orientalis (Matsumura 1912)
Identification
Adults are yellow with a brown stripe down the center of the back and two prominent eye spots on the tail end; its real eyes being concolorous with the body, the bug seems to be moving backwards when walking. (Jones et al.)
Range
native to Asia, adventive in our area across so. US (GA-FL-TX-CA)(1)(Dietrich 2011)
Season
adults and nymphs present most of the year suggests several annual generations. (Aguin-Pombo et al. 2007)
Food
extremely polyphagous, attacks >300 plant species in 83 families (Fukada 1996); resident breeding populations recently discovered in ornamental, vegetable, and fruit crops in CA (Duan & Messing)
Remarks
earliest NA record: CA 1996(1)
in Hawaii, considered a threat to all native plants (Aguin-Pombo et al. 2007)
Print References
Aguin-Pombo D., Franquinho Aguiar A.M., Kuznetsova V.G. (2007) Bionomics and taxonomy of leafhopper Sophonia orientalis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), a Pacific pest species in the Macaronesian Archipelagos. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 100: 19-26 (Abstract)
Fukada M.T. (1996) Distribution, host range, and seasonal abundance of the two spotted leafhopper, Sophonia rufofascia (Kuoh and Kuoh) in Hawaii. M.S. thesis. University of Hawaii. Manoa, HI.
Internet References
Fact sheet - Jones et al.
Biocontrol (Duan & Russell yr?)