Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Upcoming Events

See Moth submissions from National Moth Week 2023

Photos of insects and people from the 2022 BugGuide gathering in New Mexico, July 20-24

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Photos of insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Previous events


Species Sophonia orientalis - Two-spotted Leafhopper

Unknown small yellow and black winged insect. - Sophonia orientalis Sophonia orientalis A very red  - Sophonia orientalis Two-spotted Leafhopper - Sophonia orientalis unknown insect - Sophonia orientalis Sophonia orientalis - Two-spotted Leafhopper - Sophonia orientalis Leafhopper - Sophonia orientalis what am I? - Sophonia orientalis
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (True Hoppers)
Infraorder Cicadomorpha (Cicadas, Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, and Treehoppers)
Superfamily Membracoidea (Leafhoppers and Treehoppers)
Family Cicadellidae (Typical Leafhoppers)
Subfamily Evacanthinae
Tribe Nirvanini
Genus Sophonia
Species orientalis (Two-spotted Leafhopper)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Sophonia rufofascia (Kuoh & Kuoh)
Explanation of Names
Sophonia orientalis (Matsumura 1912)
Adults are yellow with a brown stripe down the center of the back and two prominent eye spots on the tail end; its real eyes being concolorous with the body, the bug seems to be moving backwards when walking. (Jones et al.)
native to Asia, adventive in NA (VA‒FL‒TX, CA) ‒map(1)(Dietrich 2011)(2)
adults and nymphs present most of the year (Aguin-Pombo et al. 2007)
polyphagous, attacks >300 plant species in 83 families (Fukada 1996); resident breeding populations recently discovered in ornamental, vegetable, and fruit crops in CA (Duan & Messing)
earliest NA record: CA 1996(1); in Hawaii, considered a threat to all native plants (Aguin-Pombo et al. 2007)
Print References
Aguin-Pombo D., Franquinho Aguiar A.M., Kuznetsova V.G. (2007) Bionomics and taxonomy of leafhopper Sophonia orientalis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), a Pacific pest species in the Macaronesian Archipelagos. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 100: 19‒26 (Abstract)
Fukada M.T. (1996) Distribution, host range, and seasonal abundance of the two spotted leafhopper, Sophonia rufofascia (Kuoh and Kuoh) in Hawaii. M.S. thesis. U. Hawaii.
Internet References
Fact sheet (Jones et al. YYYY)