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Species Alberada parabates - Hodges#5974

Moth - Alberada parabates Alberada parabates 5974 - Alberada parabates 5974 - Alberada parabates long narrow moth - Alberada parabates Alberada parabates Alberada parabates Alberada franclemonti ? - Alberada parabates
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea (Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths)
Family Pyralidae (Pyralid Moths)
Subfamily Phycitinae
Tribe Phycitini
No Taxon (Cactus-Feeding Group)
Genus Alberada
Species parabates (Alberada parabates - Hodges#5974)
Hodges Number
5974
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Alberada parabates (Dyar, 1913) (1)
Melitara parabates Dyar, 1913 (2)
Phylogenetic sequence #800598.00
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet possibly from Greek παραβάτης meaning "a transgressor, a lawbreaker."
Size
Dyar (1913) listed a wingspan of 39 mm. (2)
Powell & Opler (2009) listed the forewing length 18-23 mm. (3)
Identification
Forewing generally gray to fuscous, usually with light dusting of white in costal area; AM/PM lines strongly dentate. The key to species for Alberada in MONA Fascicle 15-4 separates A. parabates and A. californiensis from A. franclemonti on the latter having more contrastingly marked forewing with distinct dark smudge in medial area and only moderately dentate PM line. According to the key, parabates and californiensis have less forewing contrast, PM line strongly dentate and are without distinct dark smudge in medial area. However, images of both parabates and californiensis in Plate 3 of the fascicle clearly have dark smudges in the medial area, although not appearing as prominent as those of franclemonti. (4)

Dyar (1913) has original description as Melitara parabates. (2)
Mann (1969) describes larva. (5)
Specimen determined by DNA analysis (BOLD). (6)
Range
Western Texas to southern California, Utah and Colorado. (4), (7), (5), (3)
Season
May to August (4)
Food
tree cholla (Cylindropuntia imbricata) - Texas, New Mexico, and Colorado. (5)
jumping cholla (Cylindropuntia fulgida) - Arizona. (5)
Whipple cholla (Cylindropuntia whipplei) - Utah. (5)
coastal cholla (Cylindropuntia prolifera) - California. (5)
Life Cycle
Eggs laid singly or in an irregular mass of two or three, sometimes five, on cactus spines. Larvae tunnel into terminal segments of cactus and may cause a slight yellowing and swelling but are hard to detect. Larvae tunnel out and pupate underground in a robust cocoon. Pupae are heavily parisitized by tachnid flies and ichnuemon wasps. (5)
Print References
Dyar, H.G., 1913. Descriptions of new Lepidoptera, chiefly from Mexico. Proceedings of The United States National Museum 44: 322. (2)
Heinrich, C., 1939. Cactus-feeding Phycitinae: A contribution toward a revision of the American Pyralidoid moths of the family Phycitidae. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 86(3053): 350. (1)
Heinrich, C., 1956. American moths of the subfamily Phycitinae. United States National Museum Bulletin 207: 244. (7)
Mann, J., 1969. Cactus-feeding Insects and Mites. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 256: 42. (5)
Works Cited
1.The cactus-feeding Phycitinae: A contribution toward a revision of the American Pyralidoid moths of the family Phycitidae
Carl Heinrich. 1939. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 86(3053): 331-413.
2.Descriptions of new Lepidoptera, chiefly from Mexico
Harrison G. Dyar. 1913. Proceedings of The United States National Museum 44: 279-324.
3.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
4.The Moths of North America north of Mexico. Fascicle 15.4. Pyraloidea, Pyralidae, Phycitinae (part)
H. H. Neunzig. 1997. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.
5.Cactus-feeding insects and mites
John Mann. 1969. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 256: 1-158.
6.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems
7.American moths of the subfamily Phycitinae
Carl Heinrich. 1956. United States National Museum Bulletin 207: 1-581.
8.North American Moth Photographers Group