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Species Strategus aloeus

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Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Dynastinae (Rhinoceros Beetles)
Tribe Oryctini
Genus Strategus (Ox Beetles)
Species aloeus (Strategus aloeus)
Other Common Names
Ox Beetle
Explanation of Names
Strategus aloeus (Linnaeus 1758)
Size
31-61 mm(1)
Identification
Major male has two large horns at rear of pronotum, large horn in center that projects forward. "Minor" male has stubby horns, female has none.(2)
Range
s. CA to FL-GA / to S. Amer. - Map (1)(3)
Life Cycle
Under most circumstances larvae probably feed exclusively on decayed wood although they will apparently feed on root material when necessary. Pupation occurs in the food substrate where an oval pupal chamber is formed. (1)
Remarks
The males of S. aloeus can be separated from all other species by the characteristic shape of the genitalia; they may be easily confused with other species if external features only are used in identification. The key characters will serve adequately to separate the females from all other species.
Strategus aloeus is the most widespread, abundant, and morphologically variable species in the genus. (1)
See Also
Ritcher's (1966) key to separating larvae:
Claws bearing 2 setae (Fig. 332) --- Dynastes
Claws bearing 3 or 4 setae (Figs. 333 and 334) --- Strategus (4)
Internet References
Texas Entomology - Mike Quinn 2008
Works Cited
1.A revision of the genus Strategus.
Ratcliffe, B.C. 1976. Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 10(3): 93-204.
2.Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.
3.Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)
4.White Grubs and Their Allies, a Study of North American Scarabaeoid Larvae
Paul O. Ritcher. 1966. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. 219 pp.